Moral realists believe that God has created a set of moral rules for us to follow. The approaches to the moral realism theory include the Devine Command Theory, Natural Law Theory, and Consequentialism. One of the approaches to Moral Realism, Devine Command Theory is the idea that “an act is morally required just because it is commanded by God, and immoral just because God forbids it.” The second moral theory is Moral Nonrealism, which yes, sounds like the first one, but it is the opposite. Moral nonrealism is the theory that there is not any real determination between what is right and what is wrong, and humans aren’t able to obtain the knowledge of determining what is right and wrong. Some approaches to moral nonrealism are; Moral Skepticism, and Moral Nihilism.
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Which is which? In the attempt to explain morality, two prominent theories exist- moral relativism and moral objectivism. Morality in a sense is difficult to explain, both theories attempt to shed a bit of light in way to break down its complexity. Moral Relativism argues in the view that morality exists only due to the fact that it is relative, or in respect to, cultural or individual beliefs. In a sense, it is up to the people to determine what is right and wrong.
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However, the formulation is quite different in that from a wide range of human habits, individual opinions drive the culture toward distinguishing normal “good” habits from abnormal “bad” habits. The takeaway is that both theories share the guiding principle that morality is bounded by culture or society. Implicit in the basic formulations for both theories, the moral code of a culture is neither superior nor inferior to any another. The codes of individual cultures are just different and there is no standard or basis upon which to perform any type of comparison. Therefore, under both theories, the lack of standards across cultures implies that attempts to judge relative correctness or incorrectness between them cannot be justified.
Only humans think in moral terms, Nietzsche believes –a prejudice of which “animals at least are free”. That is, animals do not believe in morality; and modern philosophers, as well as behavioral biologists, would have to agree. Nobody suspects their dog of trying to maximize utility, follow categorical imperatives, or do penance for his sins. Moral agency is uniquely human in this respect; only we maintain that our actions have some greater—moral—significance. Ethical theories try to provide us with a coherent and rational account of precisely this moral aspect of human thought and action.
When asked what is the definition of ethics, many responded that being moral meant doing the right thing. But how can we justify what is a good action and what is a bad action? All humans were created equal, but our principles, and ways of thinking can be extremely different. Some may say doing the right thing means following your heart, your inner feelings and intuition. But emotions can be misleading.
I would consider myself a Moral Objectivist. I would consider my self a objectivist for many reason, For example Moral Relativism defines that an all beliefs and customs and ethics are relative to an individuals within his or her own social context. First, Moral Objectivism implies that what is wrong or right does not necessarily depend on what an individual thinks is right or wrong( ). To many people they think that “ Different cultures have different moral codes”(). To many that’s the key understanding to morality, However in ethics some say it is in actuality a myth.
These religious experiences are judged based on their moral and spiritual impact and are best explained by moving from self-centeredness to Reality-centeredness (Hick, 2004). Harrison points out that Hick’s religious convictions themselves require support (Harrisson, 2015). It is not enough for Hick to say he is giving a religious interpretation of religion, or that he is starting with a conviction of a transcendent realities existence, these things themselves require reason for us to support them. Starting with the conviction that there is a transcendent reality that religious experience is a response is not a position