The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, transport, and technology had a profound effect in North America. The industrial revolution marked a major turning point in history because it changed every aspect of life in America and the country as a whole. People started replacing ploughs and other tools for machines that could do twice the work. While others moved to large cities and started working in factories and other businesses. Huge industries such as the textile, steel, and coal industry came out and had a profound effect on the industrial revolution but, they would not have been extremely successful if it was not for railroads.
Their first invention was the steam powered ships, engines, and railroads. Later in the 1860s, the internal combustible engines were introduced. The Market R... ... middle of paper ... ... was in command. There were new technology advancements and cultural differences that began. The biggest advancement in technology was in steam power.
Without both industrial revolutions the United States would have not been able to industrialize or modernize. Even though the Industrial Revolution began in Britain, the United States was able to become the more powerful country after both Industrial Revolutions. Before the Civil War, industrialization was slowly occurring with the invention of the steam engine and later the steam boat. It helped oversea shipping faster, making Britain successful. After the Civil War, the United States particularly New York, built many factories that increased the population and the number of workers.
(named after its inventor THOMAS NEWCOMMEN) This was a pump that pumped the water out of coalmines allowing deeper more productive mines to be worked by more people. [This in turn had effects on the production of iron] In the early 1700s iron was produced by burning vast quantities of wood. The production techniques were crude. Technology had already provided machines like the newcommen engine; this pumping device allowed ABRAHAM DARBY II to fill a millpond to power a water wheel for a blast furnace. This enabled the production of better quality pig iron.
As the nation continued to experience revolution of its machines, it also continued work on its infrastructure. In the half of the nineteenth century, the railroad network widened and the mechanizing of many complicated crafts erupted hence the deepening of mechanization in American society, which is more advantageous than disadvantageous. Mechanization was a great challenge to many American workers who depended on being employed (Fleisig, 1976). The introduction to machines led to many of the workers laid off. In addition, the machines required skilled people who could raise high production.
Not only did he use this method, Watt found a way to use the back and forth motion by turning a wheel. After Watt developed a way to improve the steam engine, he didn’t have enough money to build the steam engine, but was able to convince a manufacturer that building the Steam Engine could become a profitable business. Together James and his business partner started a company that would build steam engines, which later became a promise because the Steam Engine was one of the first inventions that took off in the Industrial Revolution and the Steam Engine method is still used in today’s inventions such as trains. The Water Frame was developed by Thomas Highs and later discovered by Richard Arkwright in 1769. The Water Frame was a spinning frame that is run by water, part of the reason factories were built near rivers.
After 1800 flat tracks were in use outside London, Sheffield, and Munich. With the expansion of commerce, facilities for the movement of goods from the factory to the ports or cities came into pressing demand. In 1801 Richard Trevithick had an engine pulling trucks around the mine where he worked in Cornwall. By 1830 a railway was opened from Liverpool to Manchester; and on this line George Stephenson's ''Rocket'' pulled a train of cars at fourteen miles an hour. The big railway boom in Britain came in the years 1844 to 1847.
The invention that fired up the Industrial Revolution was the steam engine, which was invented by James Watt in 1775. The steam engine made travel faster and more efficient, which is why it earned the name “Iron Horse”. The steam engine not only powered the trains, but it also powered the factories (The Industrial Revolution United State, page 27). This provided numerous factories and industries to transport their goods farther away and at a faster pace. The numerous inventions led to the radically increasing American economy.
Pollution really became a major issue as a result of the Industrial Revolution. Hand labor was replaced by machine labor, which dramatically increased productivity. Coal power was heavily used to replace all kinds’ manual type work. The railroads were also used to bring materials where ever they were needed replacing river boats and other more manual ways of moving large amounts of material. This all helped to accelerate t... ... middle of paper ... ... growth and a lot of pollution as the world transformed into an Industrial driven economy.
In 1785 James Watt improved the steam engine based off of what Newcomens had built. In order to power the engines you needed coal. Steam engines became a very important source of power all the way to the 20th century. During the Industrial Revolution, steam power replaced waterpower and muscle power, which usually came from horses. Waterpower was used as a primary source of power in industries.