Well connected, through land and sea, it also emerged as a substantial market, thereby becoming the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution. INDIA: GODMOTHER OF BRITISH INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION India had contributed notably to the British Industrial Revolution by supplying raw material and capital; which was collected as revenue from the colonies. It also portrayed as an unwilling, forced market where finished goods could be purchased at much higher cost. It may be noted that the primary aim of the industrial revolution in India, set by the British was to fuel the industrial revolution in Britain. The Indian economy was devastated in the process; effects of which may be seen in the so called Indian Industrial Revolution.
The Industrial Revolution began with the invention of the steam engine in Britain in 1793 by James Watt, which was used to minerals from mines. Then, the cotton gin by Eli Whitney helped separate the seeds from the cotton, making the process of selling cotton increasingly faster. All the inventions caused a major shift from manufacturing in the home to manufacturing in factories. The textile industry increased with th... ... middle of paper ... ... Without both industrial revolutions the United States would have not been able to industrialize or modernize.
The invention of the nineteenth century was a time of innovation, improving, and rapid growth. Inventions during the 1800’s changed American life. It improved the middle and upper class but had a negative effect on the lower class. The new transportation, new manufacturing, and new communications transformed many lives. First of all, the explosion of new inventions caused a major change in American history; this event was called the Industrial Revolution.
Starting in the mid 1700s and continuing to the late 1850s, arguably still ongoing today, industrialization is centered on the development of machinery and urbanization. This new era found its roots in Great Britain, and later in the entirety of Western Europe once the French Revolution and the Congress of Vienna were resolved. Development was essential in Great Britain simply because it was not connected to continental Europe and Britain had the resources, like coal, to fuel the industrial revolution. Once the idea of industrialization was sparked, it burned like wildfire and spread to the rest of Europe. Results of industrialization were exceptional and robust; calling for others to join.
In the late eighteenth century, the Industrial Revolution made its debut in Great Britain and subsequently spread across Europe, North America and the rest of the world. These changes stimulated a major transformation in the way of life, and created a modern society that was no longer rooted in agricultural production but in industrial manufacture. Great Britain was able to emerge as the world’s first industrial nation through a combination of numerous factors such as natural resources, inventions, transport systems, and the population surge. It changed the way people worked and lived, and a revolution was started. As stated by Steven Kreis in Lecture 17, “England proudly proclaimed itself to be the "Workshop of the World," a position that country held until the end of the 19th century when Germany, Japan and United States overtook it.” A major cause for the Industrial Revolution was the enormous spurt of population growth in England.
(Heilbroner and Milberg 2009,54) The revolution of the 18th and 19th century saw an immense transformation in science, technology and our economy, hence, the transformation from a Neolithic economy to an industrial economy. The revolution impacted on the social-economic in terms of the industrial research and development. Before the revolution labour was manly manual force however, the first revolution saw the materlisation of machines. For examples, the introduction of steam engines provided powered energy used in replacement of manual labour, therefore ... ... middle of paper ... ... Works Cited P. Deane. (1969).
Great Britain and the Industrial Revolution Why did Great Britain lead the Industrial Revolution? The Industrial Revolution of the 18th century changed Europe forever. At the front of this change was Great Britain, which used some natural advantages and tremendous thinking and innovation to become the leader of the Industrial Revolution. First, Britain had some tremendous natural attributes. It was naturally endowed with many deposits of coal and iron ore, which were used heavily in the early stages of factory production.
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION Industrial revolution is referred to the time of 18th & 19th century when the manufacturing processes were mechanized causing a great revolution in terms of productivity and efficiency. The revolution laid the foundation of another revolution and ensures the continued improvement in terms of growth and productivity. The changes were witnessed in different sectors of the economy that includes the textiles, chemicals, paper industry along with the other industries. It must not be called as industrial revolution because the whole world is revolutionized through it. (Goldblatt, 2007) The impact of this revolution was witnessed in every aspect of life that includes the society and education widely.
The nineteenth century saw the exporting of the Industrial Revolution to Europe in the decades after 1830, and the explosion of factory-based, technology driven manufacture. The Age of Absolutism and the waning years of the Enlightenment saw Europe just beginning a new phase in its history, one that would irreperably severe it from the traditions and certainties of the past.
These inventions and innovations led to a factory system of large-scale machine production and greater economic specialization. Britain is credited for starting this revolution and the United States soon followed. However, we must examine the revolution and it's effects in other countries outside of Britain and the U.S. In France, this Industrial Revolution came late because of the French Revolution. However, after the French Revolution came to an end, France began picking up it's pace in development.