Industrial Revolution

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The economy of many nations was grounded on the putting-out system and the cottage-industry, prior the arrival of the Industrial Revolution. Nevertheless following the 17th century, the innovation of the steam engine revolutionized the energy possibility of man. Europe’s cities experienced an upsurge of growth due to this machine. In addition, laissez-fare capitalism was introduced and started to be implemented by numerous governments. As a response of this technical progression and economic revolution, particular altercations occurred fundamentally, and played a negative effect on the criteria of life for the urban and rural working classes. The negative effects caused by these fundamental changes on both working classes played out economically, socially, as well as on the workplace conditions.
The European nations in the early 18th century, as shown in document 1, witnessed an exponential increase regarding their population. Not only did this population upsurge drain on the supply of food (doc8), it also distributed the low-cost labor source to the industrialists which was necessary for their factories to function. Conversely, these expanding industrialists were responsible for the mass migration of people to the urban cities. On behalf of the people who migrated, the majority were from rural regions causing the cottage industry to crash as its lucrativeness declined. The cottage industry crash caused the family element to disintegrate, in the means that families were not working together anymore. Nevertheless, another effect that hit economically was the need for work, which in the end wouldn’t even pay well. The lines for the unemployed were often long with extensive amounts of people waiting to take any job that was a...

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...of such factors left the living principles of both working and middle class consequently decreased.
The increasing amount of people left destitute and helpless regarding the hasty fundamental changes of the Industrial Revolution; which occurred economically, socially, and on the conditions of the workplace, affected the living standards of all, but did not occur obscure. Reform actions begun to take place; for even industrialists like Robert Owen were sincerely concerned of the direction industrialization was headed in. Endorsing with legislation, politicians together were able to ultimately relieve the working classes predicament, as well as regulating laws for child labor. Regardless of this, the expense of suffering paid by the previous working generations for this advancement in addition to our present contented standards of living was undeniably an awful one.

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