The Political Roles Of Liberalism And The Industrial Revolution

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As Great Britain entered the Industrial Revolution during the late 18th, early 19th century, a new ideology was transforming the nation’s political and socioeconomic principles: liberalism. Deeply rooted from the ideals of liberty and independence from the Enlightenment period and the French and American revolutions, liberalism supported a self-ruled, constitutional government whose primary concerns were protecting the people and their natural rights from internal and external forces and maintaining public institutions. It also centered on a laissez-faire economy that encouraged free trade and the pursuit of one’s self-interest. In addition, the people lived in a meritocracy-based society where anyone, according to liberalism, could attain The poor had to fend for themselves on the grounds that government interference would constrain individual freedom, lead to government dependence, and hamper with the natural laws of the market. As a result of these liberal values, the Poor Law came to be in 1834, which made workhouses the only source of relief for the needy. It first promised that the underprivileged would be sheltered and cared for in the workhouses in exchange for daily labor, but instead, officials and owners set the working conditions of the house so low that it becomes a terrifying last resort for many. “The New Poor Law” poster in 1837 criticized the role of British Liberal policies during the 19th century by demonstrating the false stigma attached to poverty and the lack of social support among the The “New Poor Law” poster reveals that while the repercussions of an industrial society were declared only natural, but still unfortunate, little was done to stop the disaster from happening or to help the people who are suffering. By keeping the labor and living conditions of the poor so low, the profit margin for the middle and upper class rises that can be used to invest in factories, businesses, etc. The laissez-faire economy and minimal government structure allow the affluent to prosper at the expense of the working class. In many ways, the progress that came with Industrial Revolution may not be progress after

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