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Patient safety is concerned primarily with avoidance, prevention and amelioration of adverse outcomes or injuries stemming from healthcare. It should address events that span the continuum of ‘errors’ and ‘deviations’ to accidents (Vincent, 2006).

Over the last ten years, there has been a high surge of medical errors, which harm patients. This series of truly tragic health care cases, fail to provide safe healthcare and hence resulted into introducing safety measures and an urge to improve the quality of health services.

Institute of Medicine commenced its quality initiative in 1996 and issued reports documented on quality Gap which includes;

- National roundtable on Quality, the urgent need of improving the health care quality in 1998.

- National Cancer Policy Board, Ensuring Quality Cancer Care in 1999.

The burden of harm conveyed by the collective impact of all of our health care quality problem staggering (Chassin et al, 1998).

The main objective of launching Quality of Care in America Committee, in 1998, was to establish a plan to achieve a threshold improvement in the quality of health care over next ten years.

The first report was ‘To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System’ was presented by the committee on quality of Health Care in America. At that time, 44,000 to 98,000 deaths per year, were reported in America, although more people died from medical errors than from breast cancer, AIDS or motor vehicle (Bernnan et al, 1991; Thomas et al, 1999).Major causes of these reported death cases were merely, failures in the health system. Thus, prevention of errors requires establishing a safer system of care and became the need of the day. Media coverage about such matters expanded and became extensive, and end resul...

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...asm: A new health system for the 21st century. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.

Ray, G. T., Lieu, T., Fireman, Collin, F., Colby, C. J., Quesenberry, C. P., Van Den Eeden, S. P., & Selby, J.V. (2001). The Cost of Health Condition in a Health Maintenance Organization. Medical Care Research and Review, 57(1), 92-109.

The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. (2000). Prescription Drug Trends – A Chartbook. Menlo Park: The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation.

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. (1996). Chronis Care in America: A 21st Century Challenge. Princeton: The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.

Thomas, E. J., Studdert, D. M., Newhouse, J. P., Zbar, B. I., Howard, K. M., Williams, E. J., & Brennan, T. A. (1999). Cost of Medical Injuries in Utah and Colorado. Inquiry. 36(3), 255-265.

Vincent, C. (2006). Patient Safety. London: Elsevier Health Sciences.