PROPOSAL- ERADICATING HIV/AIDS AUTHOR ID:4766 PROPOSED SPECIES: HIV/AIDS WORD COUNT: 1108 PROPOSED ACTION: PREVENTION TO ERADICATE What is HIV/AIDS? This particular virus can only infect human beings. HIV weakens your immune system by destroying important cells that fight disease and infection. An immune system that has weakened can't protect you. A virus relies on cells in the body by taking over it to reproduce.
Lymphocytes help defend the body from infections. As the HIV attacks the lymphocytes, the immune system will decrease in strength. When people have a weaker immune system, they will eventually get more infections that can be more harmful and deadly. There is no ultimate cure for HIV, but medicines, provided by doctors, can slow down the process. HIV later becomes AIDS, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
Some might not know that AIDS is in fact the final stage of the HIV infection. HIV is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus that can only infect human beings. This is similar to many other viruses like the flu but there is one very important difference. Our bodies for some reason are not able to get rid of this horrible virus and scientist are still trying to figure out why this is ("What Is HIV/AIDS?," 2012). This virus weakens your immune system by destroying cells that are important to fighting disease and infection ("What Is HIV/AIDS?," 2012).
HIV is different, the human immune system can’t get rid of it and scientist are still trying to figure out why our immune system can’t clear it. HIV hides in your body for long periods and it attacks a key part of our immune system, your CD4 cells or T cells. CD4 cells are a type of white blood cell that circulate around our bodies, scanning for cellular abnormalities and infections (www.tcells.com). Which your body must have to fight the virus. AIDS stands for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome, which means that AIDS is the cause of a different virus, which is HIV.
Others viruses including HIV, influenza and those that cause the common cold, are able to change enough to evade recognition by the responding antibodies as to render current vaccines useless. Anti-viral drugs search for and destroy viruses by recognizing unique components of the capsid or envelope. The herpes viruses can be somewhat controlled, but not eliminated in this manner. Infections are shorter, but the virus still lies in wait in the nerve cells to re-emerge on another day. HIV drug regimens have lengthened the life expectancy of patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus by suppressing multiplication inside the host.
It is never easy to hear that you have contracted HIV some type of way whether if it was through unprotected sex, needles or from the mother, therefore it is best to get educated and protect yourself from many things. There are many ways that a person can protect themselves from contracting HIV. One of the best ways to know if you have HIV and to stop from spreading it is getting tested. It is okay to talk to your partner about getting tested for the virus. Also, if you use a condom every time you have sex you can lower your risk of contracting and transmitting HIV.
Over time, HIV attacks so many T cells that the body does not have the ability to fight infections and diseases. This can lead to AIDS, which is the final stage of HIV. One example of an illness developed in people with HIV is Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PCP), which is a fungul infection of the lungs. Symptoms include a dry cough, a fever, rapid breathing, and shortness of breath. Other effects of the disease include frequent colds, ear infections, upset stomachs, and chronic diarrhea.
Human Immunodeficiency Virus, in short, called HIV is a virus that attacks and weakens your immune system, which can later lead to the fatal stage known as Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS). Many people are uninformed of exactly how HIV is transmitted, but the most common route of transmission is through unprotected sexual intercourse. This is because body fluids such as semen that are infected with the HIV virus can enter another person’s body thus spreading the virus. Other routes of transmission include: infected mother to baby and sharing needles with an infected person (Centers for Disease control, 2001). Once the virus enters your body, it looks for it’s favorite cell, the T-cell, attaches its CD4 receptor to the CD4 cell (T-cell) and begins infecting the cell.
All these symptoms, causes, and treatments describe the deadly AIDS virus. AIDS is a fatal disease which renders the body helpless against other diseases. Patients lose the ability to defend themselves against virii and die from infections. AIDS is caused by the HIV-1 virus which is transferred to the body through blood and other bodily fluids. There is currently no cure for AIDS, but treatments do exist which can slow the progress of AIDS.
So if one was to engage in coitus with a person with AIDS, the HIV infection can still be transmitted (Greenberg, Bruess, and Conklin, 2011). “On average, the survival time for African-Americans with AIDS is lower than for other racial or ethnic groups.” (Johnson, K. MD, 2012) Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a retro virus that causes AIDS. HIV is a virus that can only be contracted between human to human. HIV weakens your immune system because this virus is destroying cells that fight diseases and infection in your body. A virus can only produce itself by taking over a cell in the body of its h... ... middle of paper ... ...sis.