Genetically Modified Organisms That Have One Of More Artificial Genes By Manipulation

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GMOs, or genetically modified organisms, are organisms that have one of more artificial genes by manipulation. Also known as biotech foods, there have been debates on the seriousness of GMOs. According to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), GMOs have been in the nation’s food crops for nearly 20 years ("FDA 's Role in Regulating Safety of GE Foods" 1). The FDA regulates the food that is allowed to be approved for human consumption. GMOs are meant to enhance the growth of nutritional value in food crops. The term “genetically engineered” is used to determine the difference between breeding and selection, and modifying food crops. As stated before, the FDA controls the crops with the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). The USDA is in charge of making sure that pests and diseases do not thrive in the genetically modified crops. They are also responsible for ensuring that there are no risks toward the traditional crops. The EPA supervises pesticides in food crops. This strategy helps the crops become safer for humans, and ultimately for their health. The Huffington Post states that the seven most common genetically modified foods are: corn, soy, yellow crookneck squash and zucchini, alfalfa, canola, sugar beets, and milk ("7 Most Common Genetically Modified Foods" 1). The healthiest of these seven are yellow crookneck squash, canola, and soy. The foods with the highest GMO consumption are corn, soy, and sugar beets. There are a few differences between traditional crop breeding and genetically engineered breeding. In traditional crop breeding, more than one gene is given to the plant, and these genes are transferred with the one desired gene. In genetic engineering, the desi... ... middle of paper ... ...eets have been beginning to spread to non-modified crops, and Monsanto has been suing the farmers for their own contamination (Kelly, 1). There are also some unknown effects on human health, and concerns with environmental risk (“GMOs: The Pros & Cons of Genetically Modified Food 1”). Aside from the corruption of the Monsanto Corporation, contamination of other plants is nearly inevitable (“How Monsanto’s Sugar beets Grew Larger Than the Law 1”). The beets are modified to sustain more easily, become larger, and last longer on the shelf. The pesticides used on the beets might be causing diseases in humans and deformities in animals (“GMOs: The Pros & Cons of Genetically Modified Food 1”). Pesticides and herbicides create immune plants and insects and can lead to smaller crop yields (“GMOs: The Pros & Cons of Genetically Modified Food” 1).
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