In spite of all that, Rome was far from perfect. This powerful state was brought to its collapse through challenges that would be cataclysmic to the governments of world powers today. Rome’s descent was mostly from the inside out. Internal issues of Rome such as political turmoil, social apathy, weakening military, and over taxation fueled this country’s decline. Social apathy was beginning to spread throughout the empire.
Invaders such as the Huns, Vandals, Ostrogoths, and Visigoths discovered weaknesses of Rome and attacked Rome. The Huns were especially the most famous, strongest, and wildest invaders. With these confusions, the change of emperors and invasions, former Roman citizens whose properties had been conquered “considered their new life” with less rules. As if to rub salt into the wound, a violent disaster caused more catastrophes and soon, epidemics went any further causing more deaths of people. One significant reason for the decline of the Roman Empire was political instability because poor leadership weakened and confused the community of Rome.
There were also the good and corrupt times of Rome which all happened before the unexpected fall of the biggest empire in history. There are precise reasons for why the Roman Empire fell. The reasons the Roman Empire fell are that Christianity became the religion in Rome, the empire became too big, and overtime the empire decayed. When Christianity became the religion in Rome, some people accepted the change and some people did not. Christianity was brought into the Roman Empire by Emperor Constantine during his reforms after a period of crisis in the late Roman Empire.
While the declining reputation of Rome was apparent long before the battle itself, it was clear that the Roman defeat at Adrianople significantly contributed to the Western Empire’s gradual disintegration as the dominance of the East thrived. Nearing the fourth century, the Roman Empire had experienced a teetering struggle for uniformity under the rule of Diocletian and the tetrarchy. Though Diocletian’s goals had been to strengthen the empire, more division resulted and as a result, the Western Empire suffered. This back and forth transition in leadership left the Empire in political disarray. The attempts to assimilate by Germanic tribes into Roman territory also played a significant role in this chaos.
Along with this, maritime trade was decreasing drastically. There were attacks on ships on the Mediterranean sea, which decreased trade between Rome and other countries. Transport affected the geographic division of labor in the Roman Empire. (Paolilli, 2008, p. 282) The Roman Empire used to be a prosperous place to live in until it started to experience many problems which led its decline. The status of the economy was affected by many reasons including economic inequality between the wealthy and the lower class, inflation, the ransom of Rome with the Germanic Barbarians and finally, the de-specialization of the economy.
The decline of the Roman Empire happened for many reasons. The third century started from 180 to 284 A.D. But it all started about 190 A.D. Tribes would want to move in to the Empire but knew if they did, conflicts would come about with the Romans. One can argue that Rome was undernourished because of its low productivity and failed to supply metals and currency. The decline of Roman Empire was due to military, economic, political, social problems, and the spread of Christianity.
One of the many things was that being in the political spotlight was very risky and often times political figures and emperors met their death because of bands of people who didn’t like what they were doing. An additional thing that fueled the decay of the empire was the epidemics. Diseases like the plague would wipe out mass populations of people. Equally important was that the Western Roman Empire was of such colossal size that it had a hard time connecting its people. Along with having such an expansive Empire came the issue of excluding people in political matters (document 1).
However, in the third century, the Roman Empire began to suffer a period of drastic decline, and the value of diplomacy progressively started to disappear. The ineffectiveness of the Roman emperors proved to be disastrous, as the government endured instability among its leaders. Consequently, foreign militaries invaded and conquered areas of the vast empire. There are several valid theories as to why the Roman Empire gradually degenerated. Historians have hypothesized it was due to the following reasons: overexpansion of the empire; the excessive spending of the military; the disintegration of the political infrastructure; various fatal plagues, a drastic decline in the population; and the rise of Christianity.
Every decision that Rome made had a vast affect on city itself and the rest of the world. Many foolish decisions my terrible emperors weakened the city and eventually cause the many aspects of life to crumble. At one time a common religion was a huge factor that kept Romans united. Once the right of free worship was denied Rome became an empire of raging anger. Christianity a new religion appealed to the majority of the people of the Roman Empire.
The reason which seems most compelling is a holistic one which considers multiple factors. Thinking in this way, the fall was most likely caused by circumstances which lead to a breakdown of the centralized military and tributary complex producing inherent limitations on the abilities of the army. The state was no longer able to preserve its borders and it was finally overwhelmed by invading barbarian tribes. Though the invasion of the Roman Empire’s frontier is probably the central problem, many theories exist to explain how Rome first got into trouble. The somewhat outdated, but nevertheless fascinating, theory for the decline and fall of the Roman Empire is the wide spread use of lead pipes in urban centers used for the transportation of drinking water.