Unfortunately, because families are living in poverty, some have no choice but to force their children to work. People who live in extreme poverty often rely upon child labor in order to earn extra income to attain basic living necessities. Sadly, many children are being forced to work beyond their physical ability... ... middle of paper ... ...e high rates of unemployment and civil war. Unfortunately, many of them are made to work beyond their physical ability and under life threatening conditions. This practice is illegal in most countries.
After observing the practice of child soldiering, one can see that it is a very serious social injustice issue that must be addressed. Many people around the world have heard and even seen the brutalities of child soldiers, but what is a child soldier? “A child soldier refers to any person below eighteen years of age who is, or who has been, recruited or used by an armed force or armed group in any capacity, including but not limited to children, boys and girls, used as fighters, cooks, porters, spies or for sexual purposes” (Paris Principles on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict 2007). Using children as soldiers has been accepted in many areas of the world, particularly in areas where there is poor social stability. In most cases, violent conflict breaks out in response to economical, political, and social inequalities between a group of people.
It is not only harmful to the health of children, but it takes away their chance for an education, and simply takes away their childhood. The International Labor Organization estimates that 250 million children around the world, between the ages of five and fourteen, work. Out of the 250 million, 120 million of them work fulltime (ILO, 5). Child labor is common in industries such as agriculture, domestic services, carpet and textile, quarrying and brick making, and also prostitution. Some children work in factories and other workplaces in the “formal economy;” however, many work on farms or in homes.
A common misperception is that child soldiers are restricted to children who wield a weapon in battle; this is far from the truth. The definition covers many more aspects of child soldiers; many of the worst scars that combatants suffer from come from off the field struggles. Getting a gun out of a child’s hands is the first priority, but we cannot just leave there and forget such an essential part of the recovery process. Some of the most pressing issues that many child soldiers suffer from are mental issues. Children often suffer from PTSD and many struggle with anger issues following their release from the army.
Nowadays, child labour is one of the most important problems in some countries and this problem tends to spread around the word day by day. Some researches indicate there are approximately 246 million children around the world whose ages are between 5 and 17 have to work in job. In addition, nearly 70% or 171 million children are likely to work in harmful conditions. Working in mines with chemicals or pesticides in agriculture are only two examples for hazardous works for children (UNICEF, 2006, p.37). Children workers main purpose is providing money or food for their family, because their families are mostly live in low economical conditions.
In the United States the idea of children serving as soldiers is an unfathomable concept; in many countries around the world, however, child soldiers perform tasks such as robbery, torture, and even murder for people such as drug lords, and political activists. Things like this are tragic even for adults; dealing with death everyday, knowing that one could be killed any second by an opposing force can really hurt someone mentally, and physically. This tragedy is not really even thought of that much, even though the effects are severe. Kids who have not even had the chance to raise a family, fall in love, or even go to school are either joining or being forced to join a war effort that can ruin their lives. Child soldiers are kids whose ages are under 18 who are used in any aspect of war.
Children make up the mass majority of the population of Sierra Leone. Because of the war, children had even less access to standardized education, they suffered immensely because of the unemploy¬ment of their parents, and thousands of children resorted to the struggle of surviving on the street (Zack-Williams, 2001). Children were preyed on by “thugs”. Soon children were unknowingly recruited as “child soldiers.” (It must be known that the term child soldier ... ... middle of paper ... ...rs in Post-Conflict Sierra Leone. Interantional Social Work , 53 (6), 791-806.
Throughout time children have worked myriad hours in hazardous workplaces in order to make a few cents to a few dollars. This is known as child labor, where children are risking their lives daily for money. Today child labor continues to exist all over the world and even in the United States where children pick fruits and vegetables in difficult conditions. According to the article, “What is Child Labor”; it states that roughly 215 million children around the world are working between the ages of 5 and 17 in harmful workplaces. Child labor continues to exist because many families live in poverty and with more working hands there is an increase in income.
Condemning the Innocent According to the International Labor Organization 215 million children (5-14) are involved in child labor. That’s almost 1 in three children having to work causing them to lose time that could be spent in school experiencing their childhood and most importantly being in a safe environment. Today Child labor has become a growing concern throughout the global community and should be put to a stop because of it is abusive, destructive, and promotes a regressive society for children everywhere. We cannot afford for our youth to continue in this horrendous cycle because it not only is detrimental for our present but for our future. Child labor is abusive to these children as it is grueling and dangerous for these mistreated workers.
Child soldier is a worldwide issue, but it became most critical in the Africa. Child soldiers are any children under the age of 18 who are recruited by some rebel groups and used as fighters, cooks, messengers, human shields and suicide bombers, some of them even under the aged 10 when they are forced to serve. Physically vulnerable and easily intimidated, children typically make obedient soldiers. Most of them are abducted or recruited by force, and often compelled to follow orders under threat of death. As society breaks down during conflict, leaving children no access to school, driving them from their homes, or separating them from family members, many children feel that rebel groups become their best chance for survival.