Tortora Pato, Michele and Zohar, Joseph. Current Treatments of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Second Edition. ed.2 Washington DC: American Psychiatric, 2008
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a disease that many people know of, but few people know about. Many people associate repeated washing of hands, or flicking of switches, and even cleanliness with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), however there are many more symptoms, and there are also explanations for those symptoms. In this paper, I will describe what obsessive compulsive disorder is, explain some of the effects of it, and explain why it happens. I will also attempt to prove that while medication doesn’t cure OCD, it vastly improves one’s quality of life. Furthermore I intend to show that behavior therapy (cognitive based therapy) is another useful tool in helping a person to overcome their OCD.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) affects up to 2.1% of adults and features pervasive and intrusive thoughts that lead to repetitive uncontrollable behaviors aimed to reduce anxiety (APA, 2000). Further, these thoughts and behaviors impede and disrupt daily living and cause marked distress in the lives of the sufferer. The recurrent thoughts often center on fear of contamination, harming self or others, and illness (Himle, Chatters, Taylor, and Nguyen, 2011). Those who experience the compulsive behaviors associated with OCD report feeling as though they cannot stop or control the urge to perform the compulsive behavior and that the urge is alien or from outside conscious control. Behaviors often involve washing the hands or body, repeatedly checking, and mental acts such as counting and repeated prayers. (Himle, Chatters, Taylor, and Nguyen, 2011) According to Obsessive-Compulsive Working Group (1997, 2001, as cited by Abramowitz, Deacon, Woods, and Tolin, 2004) OCD can be classified into six domains. The domains include inflated responsibility, beliefs about the importance of thoughts, importance of controlling thoughts, overestimation of threats, intolerance of uncertainty, and perfectionism. Inflated responsibility involve excessive feelings of responsibility for actions seen as harmful or failing to take action to prevent harm, whereas the domain of importance of thought involved attributing excessive authority or power to unwanted thoughts and beliefs. Similarly, the importance of controlling thoughts entailed the belief that one should be in control of every thought at all times. The unrealistic belief that unlikely events will always occur and bring with them extreme consequences characte...
Obsessive-compulsive disorder, commonly known as OCD, is a type of anxiety disorder and was one of the three original neuroses as defined by Freud. It is characterized by "recurrent, persistent, unwanted, and unpleasant thoughts (obsessions) or repetitive, purposeful ritualistic behaviors that the person feels driven to perform (compulsions)." (1) The prime feature that differentiates OCD from other obsessive or compulsive disorders is that the sufferer understands the irrationality or excess of the obsessions and compulsions, but is unable to stop them. What differentiates people with OCD from other usually healthy people with milder forms of obsession and compulsion is the fact that the obsessions and compulsions serve to interfere with the person with OCD's life to the point where they are extremely distressed, the obsessions and compulsions take a large proportion of their time, and serve to interfere with the their routine, functioning on the job, normal social activities, and relationships with others. (1) (3)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder that affects a person’s thoughts and behaviors. OCD is characterized by recurrent and disturbing thoughts, fears, and/or images (called obsessions) (Coon and Mitterer , 511), which lead to an urgent need to perform repetitive, ritual-like behaviors or routines that the sufferer feels compelled to perform (called compulsions) (Goodman). OCD usually involves both obsessions and compulsions, but about 20% of sufferers have obsessions alone, while 10% suffer from compulsions alone (Goodman). People who suffer from OCD have very little control over their obsessions and compulsions. A person with OCD may try to dismiss or alleviate their obsessions by trying to avoid situations that will trigger them and by engaging in compulsions (Coon and Mitterer , 511). Engaging in compulsions can temporarily reduce a person’s anxiety but can be the cause of it as well, especially when the compulsions are very demanding. The obsessions and compulsions involved with OCD may progress to the point where it can take control of a person’s life by occupying more and more of their time and interfering with their daily activities (Goodman). Although people with OCD may recognize that what they are doing is unrealistic and senseless, giving into the obsessions and compulsions is easier than trying to fight them.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder that can be best characterized by the recurrent or disturbing thoughts that are labeled as obsessions. Sometime these obsessions can take on the form of intrusive images or the unwanted impulses. The compulsions can come from the repetitive or ritualized behaviors that a person feels driven to perform on a daily basis. The majority of people with the diagnosis of OCD can have both obsessions and compulsions, but most of the times about 20% have obsessions alone while 10% may have the compulsions alone (Goodman M.D., 2013) . Common types that have been illustrated in individual’s diagnoses with OCD can be characterized with concerns of contamination, safety or harm to themselves, unwanted acts of aggression, the unacceptable sexual or religious thoughts, and the need for symmetry or exactness. While some of the most common compulsion can be characterized as excessive cleaning, checking, ordering, and arranging rituals or the counting and repeating routines activities that are done sometimes on a daily basis multiple times in a day.
Anxiety disorder is a type of abnormal behavior characterized by unrealistic, irrational fear. These types of disorders are diagnosed two as often in women as in men. Although these disorders can be very chronic and serious, they are easily treatable. Generalized anxiety disorder is when people experience fear and worry that is not focused on one specific aspect; nevertheless, they suffer greatly with headaches, dizziness, heart palpitations, and insomnia. Obsessive-compulsive disorder, better known as OCD, involves persistent, unwanted, obsessions and irresistible urges to perform compulsions in order to relieve anxiety. Unlike other anxiety disorders, OCD consists more of anxiety and worry rather than fear itself. Many people who experience OCD are aware that there is no motive behind their actions, however their anxiety is heightened when they try to ignore the compulsions. People with such anxiety disorders often experience sensitivity to other people’s views as well as worry over their surroundings.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental illness and an anxiety disorder. About 1% of children and 2% of adults in the United States have OCD. People that have OCD have many phobias, or fears, of common things, such as germs, dirt, and bugs. Many of the same rituals, or practices, are repeated, such as cleaning their hands. OCD’s have many obsessions and compulsions, hence the name obsessive compulsive disorder. This anxiety disorder has been around since the 14th to 16th century, but it has not been brought to the public’s attention since 1950. Many people have learned to cope with OCD, such as Katy Perry, Justin Timberlake, Michelangelo, and Leonardo DiCaprio. Even though OCD has changed many people’s lives, therapy and medication help people overcome OCD, and live a happy life.
Abramowitz, J. S., Taylor, S., & McKay, D. (2009). Obsessive-compulsive disorder. The Lancet, 374(9688), 491-9.
Treatment for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder includes the tactic of exposure and response prevention. In this type of treatm...