Psychoanalysis therapy’s main goal is to insure that patients become aware of themselves and their surroundings by digging deep into their unconscious mind. Both therapies work on making the client change their way of thinking by showing them how to think differently. These two therapies will be used to find a way to understand why Raskolnikov acts in impulsive ways causing others around him trouble. Psychoanalytic Therapy Sigmund Freud known to be the father of Psychoanalysis , contributed a large deal of this research on the construct of the unconscious mind. Freud valued the effect that the id, ego and superego had on a pe... ... middle of paper ... ...we must understand that these patients involve a long process that allows them to change their belief system.
Overall, the psychoanalytic approach digs into a person’s past and life experiences to provide reasons for current behavior and allows them to overcome their issues. They argued that understanding and confrontation conflicts of one’s past would positively influence their
1. Psychoanalysis founded by Sigmund Freud. 2. The root of any issue motivating one to seek counseling dwells upon their need to understand the meaning of the unconscious disturbances causing disruptions in their style of living. The theory states that people are in search of the unconscious meaning to their unhealthy behaviors to gain more insight into and control over their behaviors, urges, and desires.
His attention was based on understanding the behavior that is primarily leading us from the sexual instincts, aggression, and drives. He also happened to be the first to propose the unconscious theory, and later invented the psychotherapy process. Freud verified the instincts based on the level of aggression; and nevertheless, he had learned that some instincts are destructive, as well as others are in need for a survival. He concluded in the study that the main factor in shaping of personality has developed based on the sexual instincts, which are a... ... middle of paper ... ...emy of Psychoanalysis & Dynamic Psychiatry, 34(1), 215-222. Hock, R. (2009).
in this case the addiction. The therapist may ask a set of questions from the client such as: “Are you happy what the addiction is doing to your life? How did the addiction come to oppress you in this way?” By posing questions, it helps separate the person from the problem and assist the clients in externalizing the problem. This will interrupt and challenge the saturated story of the person’s identity. One goal is to help individuals begin to view themselves not as “addicts” and “junkies” but as having a problem of excessive substance use (Carr, 1998).
Postmodern counseling approaches have begun to challenge the paradigms of modernistic counseling theories. Modern theories emphasize the use of empirically validated treatment approaches to psychotherapy. The modernistic therapy perspective endorses the premise that psychological problems are the result of disturbances in cognitive processes. The focus of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is on helping clients to examine and restructure their core beliefs in order to reorganize one’s behavior. Postmodern approaches to therapy, however, stress the importance of context in people’s social and interpersonal world.
Rogers is recognized for his approach to therapy where the “…client…” has a more direct role in the process (CITE). Whereas Freud is best known for his work on the unconscious mind. The theory of psychoanalysis, founded by Freud, asserted that people could be cured by “…making conscious their unconscious thoughts and motivations…”, therefore gaining insight into their behavior and state of being (CITE). The aim of psychoanalytic therapy is to release repressed emotions and experiences, because Freud believed that psychological problems are rooted in the unconscious mind. In certain cases, individuals would have manifested symptoms caused by “…latent…”, or hidden disturbances (CITE).
CBT uses Socratic questioning, self-reflection and problem-solving skills to eradicate undesired behaviors. Trauma-Focused can include Narrative Therapy to explore the traumatic event and is best delivered by creative, resourceful therapists who have developed close therapeutic alliances with their clients. Cognitive Behavioral therapy has been vastly researched longitudinal, multiple studies have been replicated, and the empirical evidence being effectiveness when working with clients who have been sexually abused. Berliner, L., Cohen, J., Saywitz,, K., Mannarino, A. (2000) explain, CBT for childhood anxiety teaches coping skills and training for childhood depression, and parent management training based on “behavioral techniques and cognitive problem-solving training for externalizing behavior problems.” Person’s suffering from PTSD often show symptoms that target emotional or behavioral difficulties.
Objectives of Client-centered Therapy The objective of client-centered therapy is to assist the client to experience self exploration, so that they can identify problems that are hindering their growth process. Essentially, the main goal of client-centered therapy is to have the client achieve a sense of increased awareness and understanding of his attitudes, feelings, and behaviors. Professional Opinions ... ... middle of paper ... ...ce of Counseling and Psychotherapy. (Rev. ed.).
Counseling Approaches Thought- Focused, Psychoanalytical, and Psychodynamic Approaches Thought- Focused treatment requires the client to be aware of their thoughts so they can change their notion in order to alter past and current behaviors. The treatment focuses solely on awareness of thoughts and behaviors of the client. The client is approached with a current or past situation and asked to percent their conception. The therapist then provides the client with solutions to produce a robust outcome. However the client can also state a productive belief towards the outcome.