How is this disorder diagnosed? 4. What is the most effective treatment for the disorder? In addition, we will look at some case studies to see the variety of behaviors that result from this disorder and how they effected the lives of the people who suffered from OCD. OCD is a type of anxiety disorder in which people have unwanted and repeated thoughts, feelings, ideas, sensations (obsessions) or behaviors that make them feel driven to do something (compulsions).
It is an anxiety disorder whereby a patient has uncontrolled feelings and notions that keep repeating despite the fact that, the individual makes an effort to stop them. This condition causes an individual’s brain to get stuck on a particular thought or urge and the person feels the need to perform them. OCD not only affects the brains, but also a person’s behaviors directly and this affects a person’s healthy living and relationships both at work and at home. The OCD disorder can be identified through compulsions and obsessions. According to the DSM-IV TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders), for a person to be diagnosed with OCD, he/she must have compulsions, obsessions or both of them.
In order to get rid of the obsessive thoughts, sufferers perform certain behaviors repeatedly. These repetitive actions are called compulsions. Doing certain things temporarily gets rid of their distress about their obsessions. But, when t... ... middle of paper ... ...eople around them. Having obsessive thoughts and performing their compulsive behaviors can be very time consuming.
Lastly, the therapist must determine if the obsessions and/or compulsions take a lot of time and conflict with activities in the person’s life. (Ocfoundation, 1) Obsessive-compulsive disorder tends to stem around certain categories. Fears, such as germs, are often a major category attacked by OCD. (Mayo, 1) These fears turn into obsessions, which can cause detrimental conflict in one’s life. Obsessions are thoughts, images, or impulses that keep reoccurring and lack control by the person obtaining them.
In order to get rid of the obsessive thoughts, sufferers perform certain behaviors repeatedly. These repetitive actions are called compulsions (familydoctor.org). Doing certain things temporarily gets rid of their distress about their obsessions. But, when the thoughts come back, they repeat their rituals all over again . People with OCD feel that they must perform these rituals
These sufferers may need specialized treatment to overcome their phobias. Causes of phobias include traumatic experiences, panic attacks, adapting it from other peoples actions. But the effects of phobias can change a person’s life forever. The effects of phobias on a person include being more afraid than normal, stress, embarrassment, and helplessness. The main effects of a phobia include being more afraid than most people of being around an object, being in a situation, or doing an activity.
This paper will discuss the possible causes of anxiety disorders and the affects that it may have on an individual’s psychological state. The social implications of this disorder will also be discussed to get a clear understanding of how extreme anxiety can impair the development of one’s normal psychosocial state of mind. Development Anxiety disorders are psychiatric in nature and can cause distress in the individual experiencing them. High amount of anxiety often appear in individuals who are vulnerable to stressful situations and can cause fear, sadness, anger, and dependent on the extent of the disorder, social isolation. Extreme anxiety can be a genetic trait or a learned process from a traumatic experience, such as childhood induced posttraumatic syndrome.
Psychological Trauma can alter, destroy and create a lot of bad impacts in a person’s life. The main definition of psychological trauma is the results of unique individual experience of an unusually event that invaded a person’s sense of security and safety, making he or she feels helpless and at risk of dangerous situation, and the ability to assimilate his or her emotional experience is overwhelmed at certain situation. (Lawrence Robinson, 2011) A much more serious psychological trauma can leads to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD) in certain circumstance. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PSTD) is an anxiety disorder that certain peoples can change after seeing or living through a dangerous incident or after expose to any event that results in psychological trauma. (The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), 2009).
This man most like has a disability called Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, or OCD. In the past, this man with OCD would have been considered extremely strange, but it is now known that OCD is somewhat common in today’s world. The conditions of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder can be very uncomfortable and unsettling, but there are some ways to treat OCD. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is an anxiety disorder that causes a sufferer to have very uncomfortable obsessions and compulsions. The main anxiety of a sufferer of OCD is obsessive thoughts, images, or impulses that can cause a lot of distress.
This essay will assess the different categories of phobias and briefly summarize talk therapy and cognitive behavioral theories regarding attaining and maintenance of phobic disorders. A phobia is an irrational fear that creates internal feeling and apprehension, perceived as real with physiological responses such as heart palpitations, trembling and sweating. Depending upon the severity, phobias may interfere with the level of functioning in various settings: academic, occupational, or at home. It is classified under anxiety disorders with three major categories: agoraphobia, social anxiety disorder and specific phobias. Agoraphobia (AG) consists of fears of being in public places and the individuals’ ability to escape or receive help during a panic episode is limited.