Her Life, her Fiction, her Monsters. Methuen. New York, London, 1988. Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein or the Modern Prometheus.
Romantic and Gothic Forces in Mary Shelley's Frankenstein Sometimes considered one of the first science fiction novels of supernatural terror, Frankenstein proved itself an instant success when released anonymously in 1818. The mad scientist Victor Frankenstein and his creation provoke readers with the fear of the unknown and the power of natures forces. A deeper look into the character of Victor Frankenstein, the role of scientific experimentation and the intricate settings of nature in which the story evolves, prove Mary Shelley's novel, Frankenstein , a worthy example of both Romantic and Gothic representation in nineteenth century British Literature. When Mary Shelley was born (1798), her husband's famous predecessors, Wordsworth and Coleridge, published Lyrical Ballads With a Few Other Poems which is an early example of Romantic literature. According to Wordsworth's Preface, "The poet considers man and nature as essentially adapted to each other, and the mind of man as naturally a mirror of the fairest and most interesting properties of nature" (Anderson 606).
Thornburg, Mary K. The Monster in the Mirror: Gender and the Sentimental/Gothic Myth in Frankenstein. Ann Arbor: UMI Research, 1987. Print. Veeder, William. Mary Shelley and Frankenstein: The Fate of Androgyny.
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Her Life, her Fiction, her Monsters. Methuen. New York, London, 1988. Marcel, Anthony J. "Conscious and Unconscious Perception."
(e-reading) GILBERT S, GUBAR S 1996, “Mary Shelley’s Monstrous Eve.” In Paul HUNTER (Ed), Frankenstein. Norton Critical Edition. New York; London: Norton; 225-240. (NCE) Halberstam, J. 1995, "Making Monsters: Mary Shelley's Frankenstein" Skin Show: gothic horror and the technology of monstors, Durham: Duke University Press, pp28-49 JOHNSON, B.
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Therefore, this novel has been studied many times for Miltonic echoes and influences. In Frankenstein, Mary Shelley defines the relationship between man and nature arisen from the scientific and technological progress with an epic theme of man’s lust, limitation, and punishment. Overall the motif of this novel is an archetypal journey driven by man’s forbidden fire of desire. Since Dante does have such great influence on Milton from whose work Mary borrows and utilizes as her source of reference, there should be some connection between Dante and Mary. When Victor first sees the monster alive, he describes that No mortal could support the horror of that countenance.
In the same manner as Adam, Satanic heroes desire and seek knowledge and power. However, during that quest authors impart their villainous nature, despite decent personalities. The search for knowledge eventually leads to their destruction. Thus, authors find Adam’s story to have three critical commonalities with the Satanic hero archetype. The criteria of stories involving Satanic heroes leads to unique situations and writing throughout the novel.
Both plots contain elements that shock and amaze the reader by introducing them to ideas not normally seen in most novels. The dark nature in both stories can be startling, but are the central components and are used to make for a more interesting and intriguing story for the reader. Though a horror story is more common in this day and age, a story to the effect of Frankenstein was unheard of in 1818 when the book was written. Both novels have a powerful effect on the mind and imagination of the reader. In Frankenstein before the creation Shelley says, "Who shall conceive the horrors of my secret toil as I dabbled among the unhallowed damps of the grave or tortured the living animal to animate the lifeless clay?"(p.