Ultimately peace can be found in a union with God. Christians and Muslims are taught to live at peace with themselves and others, both within their own communities and in the wider world. Christianity has a strong emphasis on peace and peacemaking. The quest for inner peace is one of the main messages in the New Testament. The New Testament gives Christian adherents some extremely useful guidelines for individuals who wish to seek peace, both inner and external.
Analyze the distinctive response of TWO religious traditions to the issue of either inner peace and/or world peace by linking their relevant sacred texts to their principal teachings. World peace is an ideal of freedom, peace, and happiness among and within all nations. It is the professed ambition of many past and present world leaders. It is the utopian ideal of planetary non-violence by which nations willingly cooperate, either voluntarily or by virtue of a system of governance, which prevents warfare. Both Christianity and Islam explore the possibility of world peace in their principle teachings that peace begins with the individual, without peace with oneself, peace with others cannot be achieved.
From these aspects of faith one can seek justice and morality through God, the one who wills and acts justly. Spiritual morality and justice are filtered from God and should not be questioned. We should take what he gives us and use it responsibly. Doing what is right and just in the eyes of the lord will draw one closer to the almighty. Closeness to the Creator is the ultimate of all Muslims and with understanding and education all will see that this is the goal of all the Abraham faiths.
World peace is an ideal of freedom, peace and happiness among all nations and people and, as demonstrated by General Peter Cosgrove in the source above, advocates for safety, security and “prospects for a better future”. World peace is an idea of universal nonviolence in which all nations willingly cooperate. Christianity and Islam have responded to the issue of world peace to work towards building a culture of peace. Both religions aim for peace through different initiatives. For example, Christian initiatives include The World Council of Churches’ (WCC) ‘Decade to Overcome Violence’ and ‘Pax Christi International’.
The Qur’an and the New Testament both express the importance of peace and peacemaking as evident in Jesus’ Beatitudes “Blessed are the peacemakers”. The search for inner peace is the core message of the Qur’an and the New Testament and the adherents of both traditions are taught that inner peace will come through faithfully devoting yourself to God. The word peace is mentioned over ninety time is the New Testament and in other passages the quest for peace is address without actually using the term. In the New Testament Jesus’ life is the perfect model for living in peace. To have a close relationship with Jesus and his teachings will enable the adherent to experience this peace.
The sacred text and writings of the two traditions provide the adherent with the opportunity to explore the notion of inner peace. These texts provide different directions and perspectives on guiding their respective followers to achieving inner peace. To understand a Muslim and Christian view of peace one must acknowledge what the meaning of inner peace is. Inner peace is a state of calmness and tranquility experienced by an individual. It can also be understood to be associated with the spiritual peace with God for Christians and spiritual peace with Allah who desires peace for Muslims.
The principal beliefs of Christianity and notions of peace are expressed through the sacred text, The Bible, in particular the New Testament. The Qur’an and Hadith are the sacred texts of Islam, which also educate the faith with notions of peace. These sacred texts define the origins and characteristics of a religious tradition, providing the overall foundation for religious interpretations of peace. Therefore, religion and peace is a very integrated ideology as the religious beliefs and principals of a faith form the basis on which further notions of inner and world peace can be formed within a religious tradition. Within Christianity, the adherents are called to display an attitude of peace as they live their lives in accordance to their beliefs and principal teachings which are presented throughout the Bible.
Peace can be described as a state of being between groups where mutual respect has lead to sense of harmony and cooperation, both spiritually and physically. This idea is expressed in both Christianity and Islam, with the sacred texts of each, the New Testament and Quran respectively, depicting its own guide towards inner peace for its adherents. In Christianity the idea of peace is strongly linked with the prominent figure of Jesus Christ as a model for all adherents follow. Alternatively, in Islam inner peace is achieved through submission to the will of Allah, the supreme creator and following in the footsteps of the founder. Within Christianity, an understanding of peace is derived from the sacred texts of the religion, most notably the New Testament.
Both Christianity and Islam use their respective sacred texts to obtain information about peace and through principal teachings adherents are able to demonstrate what each teaches about peace. Inner peace can be found through prayer, as it is personal and helps one to find a tranquil state of mind. Global or world peace is achieved through finding serenity and using it to benefit others. For Christians, the Bible, in particular the New Testament, guides adherents to a life that is with God, which can only be achieved by finding peace with those around them. The Gospels state the importance of peace with those around them as expressed through the ‘Ten Commandments’ and ‘Beatitudes’.
It is therefore through the sacred texts that a comparison of the understandings of peace in Christianity and Islam can be achieved. It is through an understanding of peace for each tradition that the beliefs can be compared in relation to the respective principal teachings. In conclusion Christians are guided by the New Testament in order to live a peaceful life in accordance to the teachings of Jesus Christ, practicing their beliefs and in turn affecting others. Muslims achieve peace through an understanding of the teachings revealed through the Qur’an and Hadith, this in turn leads to the ultimate goal of Islam: submission to Allah which is the only means of attaining peace with Allah.