Essay On Social Work Theory

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Theory is defined as “…”. In the social work profession, it is not enough to just understand the definition of theory, but rather be able to integrate theory into practice when working to plan interventions at multiple practice levels. This integration of theory into the social work practice is an emphasis of the profession as noted in the profession’s core competencies. Core competency 2.1.6 “engage in research-informed practice and practice-informed research” (NASW code of ethics) is the basis for theory integration within the social work profession. The profession’s practice behaviors state that social workers must “use research evidence to inform practice” (NASW code of ethics). In other words, social workers should “attend to findings …show more content…

This is why social workers must also be critical thinkers. Critical thinking applied to the social work profession involves “the ability to define an issue, stressor, or problem; to distinguish, appraise, and integrate multiple sources of knowledge to formulate a tentative practice direction” (Gitterman & Knight, 2013). Theories, as well as research, “about phases of individual, family and group development; about ethical, racial, religious, spiritual, and sexual identity development; and about individual, family, and group development” provide social workers with a basic starting point for a more complex and situational-based intervention plan that will later be developed. In social work practice, intervention plans and assessments are not blindly developed, but rather based off theory and research. Therefore, although social work is a profession of artistry and creativity; it is also a scientific profession enhanced by the use of theory and …show more content…

The biophysical dimension, of the multidimensional framework, consists “of the biochemical systems, cell systems, organ systems, and physiological system” (Ashford & LeCroy, 2010). According to Ashford and LeCroy, the biophysical dimension relies on biological theory and seeks to identify and explain the relationship between biological and physiological mechanisms that influence human behavior (Ashford & LeCroy, 2010). Additionally, the psychological dimension “represents systems that contribute to the organization or integration of an individual’s mental processes” (Ashford & LeCroy, 2010). Just like the biophysical dimension has its own function within the biopsychosocial spiritual framework, so does the psychological dimension. The function of the psychological dimension involves “the systems of information processing and cognitive development; communication; attitudes and regulation of emotions; self-concept and identity; social cognitions and self-regulation; and psychological strengths, hazards, and risk factors” (Ashford & LeCroy, 2010). In other words, the mental processes of

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