The occupation of physical therapy has been around for centuries. Throughout time it has evolved greatly as a medical practice and an area of study. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, as of 2012, there were 204,200 physical therapists employed throughout the United States of America. Physical therapy first became apparent as a needed occupation when the polio epidemic occurred in the United States in 1916. This epidemic along with the injury of millions of soldiers in 1917 when the first world war struck lead to the uprising of physical therapy. The occupation steadily continued to grow as World War II came and passed. In 1946 Congress approved the Hill Burton Act which led to the construction of hospitals across the country to increase public access to health care facilities. These events ultimately resulted in increasing hospital based practice for physical therapists and furthermore increasing the demand for physical therapist services. As an occupation in the medical field, physical therapists have a very long strenuous list of duties. That list includes working with patients with limited use of their bodies due to injury or disability and improving mobility while reducing pain. Physical therapists provide care to people of all ages who have functional problems such as sprains, strains, fractures, arthritis, amputations, stroke, cerebral palsy, other injuries relating to sports, other injuries relating to work, other neurological disorders, and various other conditions. Some ways that physical therapist go about reducing pain levels of their patients is by using exercises, stretching, hands on therapy, and special equipment that is designed to help increase their mobility, prevent further injury, and smooth out the... ... middle of paper ... ...fied to assist people overcome disabilities from chronic illness and injuries sustained from sports, an accident, or any other type of calamity. What people are not usually aware of is that a physical therapist can help with an overall health and wellness program which will support longevity and keep patients from developing future injuries and health problems. Physical therapy is one of the fastest successful occupations growing in the Unites States of America. It is unlike any other occupation in the medical field. Physical therapists care for patients of all ages who have functional problems and disorders. They work to increase a patient’s mobility, prevent further injury, and stabilize the progress of a patients’ health and wellness. The occupation of physical therapy is a very crucial and highly demanded job and will continue to expand in the future.