Essay On Juvenile Delinquency

863 Words4 Pages
Juvenile Delinquency: An Overview History Juvenile delinquency has a history that dates back hundreds of years. Before the 19th century children were tried in courts the exact same as adults were, but it was only the most severe juvenile cases that actually went to trial. Children were put into prisons, transported and even hanged. In 1880, there were 6,500 children under 16 in adult prisons, 900 of which were under the age of 12 (King & Noel, 1993). Before 1900, many social ideologies shifted resulting from industrialization. The United States’ first juvenile court was opened in 1899 in Illinois. It was spearheaded by Jane Addams and many other influential women in children advocacy. Addams and the others wanted to have a separate court for juveniles because they believed they were generally more susceptible to rehabilitation than adult criminals (Coupet, 2000). There was a rise in juvenile delinquency from the 1960’s to the 1980’s, and harsher sentences were being given to juveniles for crimes. Racial discrimination was becoming a rising problem in the juvenile justice system as well. More recently, law enforcement has become tougher on juvenile criminals. Recently, there have been new laws passed allowing juveniles to fall under the “three strikes laws”, meaning that you can be sentenced to an extended sentence or even life after your third felony conviction, and also laws allowing juveniles to be tried as adults for almost any crime, Theories There are several different theories available to explain juvenile delinquency. One of the most critical to understand in the society we live in is the Positivist School of Criminology’s theory. Unlike the Classical School of Criminology theory which focuses on rational choice and dete... ... middle of paper ... ...and juvenile delinquency completely. References Coupet, S. (2000). What to do with a wolf in sheep’s clothing. University of Pennsylvania Law Review, 148: 1313. Fuller, J. R. (2015). Juvenile delinquency: mainstream and crosscurrents. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. Hawkins, J.D., Lishner, D.M., Jenson, J.M., and Catalano, R.F. 1987. Delinquents and drugs: What the evidence suggests about prevention and treatment programming. In Youth at High Risk for Substance Abuse, edited by B.S. Brown and A.R. Mills. Rockville, MD: National Institute on Drug Abuse. King, P. & Noel, J. (1993). The problem of juvenile delinquency: the growth of juvenile prosecutions in London in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, Criminal Justice History, 14, 17-18. Monitoring the Future Study. (1996). Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan.

More about Essay On Juvenile Delinquency

Open Document