The Epic of Sundiata presents the Islamic faith in a way that encourages listeners to embrace it over their indigenous belief systems. The epic accomplishes this by incorporating elements and practices of the indigenous beliefs into Islamic tradition; and by adapting certain Islamic mythology — such as the Jinn — to the existing West African culture. It also asserts the superior power, morality, and strength of those who derive their power from Allah and the Jinn, to those who base their powers in ancestral worship and fetishes. Through conflict, adaptation, and tolerance, the Epic of Sundiata presents an accessible version of Islam to the people of the Mali Empire; and it promotes the acceptance of this new faith over the indigenous beliefs …show more content…
For seven years after his birth Sundiata was ignorant like an animal. Until the age of seven he was unable to walk. He stole food and crawled around on all fours; he was an embarrassment to his mother, (page 19). Despite her ability as a great sorceress, Sogolon was unable to get her son to walk, “she had resorted to all her talent as a sorceress to give strength to her suns legs,” but it had no effect on her son(page 16). However; when Sogolon desperately cried out to Allah, Sundiata instantly became determined, and then able, to walk, (pages 19-21). Following this sight Sogolon sang the praises of the Islamic god, proclaiming, “Allah Almighty, you never created a finer day. So my son is going to walk,” (page 21). Sundiata evolved from an ignorant, animal-like, creature to a strong man, and the epic gives Islam the credit for this transformation. The battle between Sundiata and Soumaoro was the physical representation of the conflict between Islam and the indigenous belief system, a conflict which Islam won. Sundiata discovered that Soumaoro’s most powerful magic came from his ancestors in the form of a Tana(page 58). The Tana could be destroyed and the power of the his ancestors broken by striking Soumaoro with the spur of a cock. Sundiata did just that and instantly Soumaoro was powerless and he retreated and his army scattered(page
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In "Between Cult and Culture: Bamiyan, Islamic Iconoclasm, and the Museum," Finbarr Barry Flood expresses many ideas concerning Islamic iconoclasm. His focus was on the ."..iconoclastic practices of Muslims living in the eastern Islamic world, especially Afghanistan and India." Flood discusses issues with traditional patterns considering Islamic iconoclasm and the "many paradoxes" that "complicate" our understanding of Islamic iconoclasm. Throughout this essay we become familiar with "essentialist conceptions of Muslim iconoclasm" as well as "political aspects of what has largely been conceived of as a theological impulse." These points later provide a basis for analyzing the destruction of the Bamiyan Buddha by the Taliban in March 2001. "It will be argued that their obliteration indexed not a timeless response to figuration but a calculated engagement with a culturally specific discourse of images at a particular historical moment."
Sundiata have more respect to the religion of Islam. However, Islam was not the only religion shown in Sundiata. One of the “two spiritual principles” that is mostly shown in the epic are the Jinns, which is one of the African tradition religion that deals with magic and witchcraft. (Niane, 88) In the end of the epic, Sundiata defeated his enemy, who is a “a great sorcerer,” by using his bow and arrow to take away his enemy’s magic. As a result, this shows that Sundiata appears to accept and feel comfortable about the two religions not belonging together, but they somehow fit the moment at hand. On the other hand, Bernel Diaz gives an impression of not showing any respect towards any other religions except their own. They felt that they were superior enough to spread Christianity and forcefully convert Indians. Diaz also shows the signs of over exaggerating when he said, “Our Lord has been pleased to help us in the past we have hope that He may do so in the future.” This shows that they are putting so much trust in God and believing that He is the reason why they are winning
The Epic of Sundiata is a story of Sundiata and the building of the Empire of Mali in the thirteenth century. Sundiata founded the Mali Empire which was located in West Africa. The empire was so important to Mali because it was the biggest trade center during that time. The Epic of Sundiata was told by Balla Fasseke, Sundiata’s griot, and begins with a foretelling story of Maghan Kon Fatta, the ruler of Mali.
Imagine being the step child of the king of your empire and living under complete royalty and the king treats you as if you were his own son, and it’s practically set in stone that you will be the next king one day. Then, one day your step dad dies while your happiness has practically just begun and everything is snatched completely away from you. The character I will be discussing is Sundiata from the novel SUNDIATA AN EPIC OF OLD MALI. Sundiata, the king of Mali, is an epic hero because of his inspirational and admirable actions and always thinking of saving others before himself. He would be an important hero for today because of his smart and clever decisions he chose to save his empire, heroes today like police and more use the same actions coming together to stop evil.
According to the Islamic faith, God created three beings: angels, humans and jinn. Man was made from dust, angels were made from light, and the jinn were made from fire (Ali, 1950). Similar to the Christian faith, Muslims believe in the existence of archangels such as Gabriel and Michael, as well as Satan, whom Muslims believe to be the most well-known jinn. Although the Qur’an states that angels and jinn are immaterial beings, there are still many folktales and superstitions that say otherwise, especially in stories about jinn (Ali, 1950). This paper will explore the origins, roles, and stories about both angels and jinn, providing evidence from the Qur’an, Muslim scholars, and popular tales.
The two largest religions in the world, Christianity and Islam, were implemented by two of religions most powerful leaders, Jesus and Muhammad. Without question, both Jesus and Muhammad have affected humanity powerfully. As religious leaders both men laid down the principles upon which Christianity and Islam are founded yet today. However, while Jesus performed miracles and arose from the dead, thus proving to his followers he was God, Muhammad performed no such feats, and made no such claims. In fact, Muhammad’s only claim was that he was the last prophet sent from God.
Islam revolutionized the way people thought in the Middle-East. The Prophet spewed forth “The Word of God” (Cleveland 8) amid reflection, whether his own or that of God, concerning “the problems which afflicted Meccan society” (8). The subsequent production of the Quran fostered discipline and promoted spiritual growth. Mohammad, under the banner of Islam, united nomadic, feuding tribes in the barren plains of Arabia. The Seal of Prophets brought new rights to women and renewed a commitment to aid the destitute.
Sundiata, founder of the Ancient Mali Empire, tells the story of this young man and his rise to king-ship, the formation of the Mali Empire, and his conquests during exile, as told by the Griots. Two themes I really noticed throughout the book were History and Heroism.
On the surface, Ernest Hemingway’s 1926 novel The Sun Also Rises seems to just follow the daily life of narrator and protagonist Jake Barnes and his friends. However through a closer reading, one would become able to see its many modernist traits en route to become one of America’s greatest modernist novels. Through its many themes and motifs there are three main modernist themes which would stick out the most throughout the novel. These themes are: the ‘lost generation’ of the U.S. and Europe, the insecurity of masculinity after WWI, and the destructive nature of sexual relationships.
Ngugi wa Thiong’o’s novel Wizard of the Crow presents its audience with a satirical point of view of life in a fictional totalitarian African nation. Ironically, it is called the “Free Republic” of Aburĩria. The country is ruled by a man who has been in the position of power for so long, that no one can even remember when his reign began. Towards the end of the story, the Ruler makes a statement that Aburĩrians are religious people., This is an accurate statement because throughout the course of the novel, Thiong’o’s characters proclaim belief in various prominent figures from a broad spectrum of faiths such as God, Jesus, and Satan as well as supernatural concepts such as magic spells and witch doctors. This plays an important role in the novel’s theme of magical realism.
The first circumstance of the presentation of an unconventional monotheistic belief system was the first factor that contributed to how what would later become Islam took shape and managed to establish a singular identity for a burgeoning movement that proved to be unorthodox for domestic religions at the time. The setting that Islam’s precursor
Everyone knows the famous Herakles also known as Hercules the hero. I believe Hercules is a great hero for many reasons. Let me sum up his history, Hercules is the son of Zeus and Alcmene. However, Zeus has a wife named Hera & he cheated on her with Alcmene who got pregnant with his baby. So Hera found out & was very angry, she vowed to make Hercules life dreadful since she couldn't make Zeus's life horrid. Hercules that married a beautiful woman of the name Megara they had two children, Hera took advantage of that & sent him a fit of rage in which he murdered his wife & children. He wanted forgiveness from Apollo to get rid of his pollution. Apollo told him to do 12 request for 12 years I which he will assist an
“In thinking about religion, it is easy to be confused about what it is.” (Smart, 1992) To combat this, Smart uses seven dimensions to define common characteristics of religion. Much of what will be explored will fit his dimensions. The practical and ritual dimension can been seen in all three religions through worship and rituals and patterns of behaviour. The latter are those acts that help the believer develop spiritual awareness or ethical insight, such as yoga or meditation in Buddhism and Hinduism. The experiential and emotional dimension of religion explains that religion feeds on human emotions and key events from history to illustrate this is, the enlightenment of the Buddha, or the visions of Muhammad. A person will not follow something without meaning or emotion driving it. The narrative or mythic dimension of religion refers to the use of story telling in religion. Typically, all faiths use stories to illustrate their beliefs or events in history, whether they might be of things to come, or like in this essay, stories of the Buddha, or Muhammad. The use of story telling is important as the stories are often based on accounts of history or documents that have been found. Story telling can enhance the believers faith and are often integrated into rituals. The doctrinal and philosophical dimension of religion talks about the importance of the holy books/ doctrines. Since the doctrines typically have an account of the leaders life, and the leaders are usually educated, believers read the doctrines to gain an insight into the leaders life; and thus strive to become more like them or abide by their teachings. The ethical and legal
Mahabharata is one of the two major epics of India.It was written by Vyasa.This epic portrays the real meaning of life .It also includes lessons of life from Bhagvad Gita. The epic is about the bloodshed and war between the Kaurvas (sons of Dhritrashtra) and the Pandavas(Sons of Pandu).