Environmental Stressors

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Environmental Stressors When people are not content with their circumstances, they can adapt by either adjusting to or altering their living environment to make it more pleasant. However, this trait of flexibility meets daily challenges involving external forces, such as crime, war, natural catastrophes, or developments in technology, in addition to internal forces, such as seeking greater material goods. When these forces combine to threaten adaptability in humans, it is commonly known as stress (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995). To deal with stress, one must first understand what it entails. By understanding the concept of stress as well as the physiology and psychology of it, one may identify atmospheric environmental stressors and strategize ways to manage said stressors. Considering the effect of stress on human functioning may be an effective way to understand the relationship between behavior and environment; it can help one begin to identify the environmental qualities that interfere with human functioning (Evans & Cohen, 1987). Most researchers agree that the concept of stress is “a state that occurs when people are faced with demands from the environment that requires them to change in some way” (Vetch & Arkkelin, 1995, p. 118). However, it is unclear whether that demand is stress or if stress is a person’s response to the demand. Therefore, there are several theoretical perspectives regarding the concept of stress. Below are just two of the theoretical perspectives (Veitch & Arkkelin, 1995). Some theorists believe in a response-based explanation. According to them, stress is a change in the amount or force of a particular human reaction such as blood pressure, heart rate, anxiety, or loss of control. By this defi... ... middle of paper ... ...Arkkelin, D., & Veitch, R. (1995). Environmental psychology: An Interdisciplinary Perspective. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. DeWall, N. C., & Bushman, B. J. (2009, May). Hot under the collar in a lukewarm environment: Words associated with hot temperature increase affressive thoughts and hostile perceptions. Journal of Experimental Socail Psychology, 45(4), 1045-1047. Dresser, R. (2007). Heat Stress Prevention. Professional Safety, 52 (4), 50-53 Evans, G.W., & Cohen, S. (1987). Environmental stress. In D. Stokols & I. Altman (Eds.), Hand -book of environmental psychology (Vol. l). New York: John Wiley Guillemets, T. (1998, March 18). The quote garden. Message posted to http://www.quotegarden.com Hoffman, M. S., & Howarth, E. (1984). A multidimensional approach to the relationship between mood and weather. British Journal of Psychology, 75 (1), 15-23.
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