Environmental Criminology Theory Analysis

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As Wilcox and Tillyer (Forthcoming) indicated in their chapter, theories of community criminology and theories of environmental criminology has long been considered as competing. Community criminology theories believes in the contextual influence of neighborhood on crime, which is in macro-level; while environmental criminology theories generally focuses on micro-level and cares more about the specific places within the neighborhood, and emphasized on the characteristic of the places instead of the overall contextual influence from the neighborhood. However, more and more scholars recognize the values of both community criminology theory and environmental criminology theory are trying to combine these two theories in order to understand the social ecology of crime and victimization more comprehensively.
Sampson and Wooldredge (1987) analyzed the 10,905 samples of the British Crime Survey conducted in 1982 and used the logistic regression model to assess the risk of burglary victimization by individual characteristics and community context. In the individual level, age, education, household situation were …show more content…

The dependent variables were dummy variables of violent crime victim and burglary victim. Independent variables included the necessary individual-level characteristics such as age, gender, race, home statue and so on; contextual characteristics including number of places nearby, ethic heterogeneity and neighborhood incivilities were also included. The findings showed that contextual characteristics of the community not only showed strong direct influence on the violent/burglary victimization, but also indicated that the contextual conditions would influence the effects of individual-level risk factors. It seems that individual-level factors can be conditioned by the neighborhood

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