Criminology: The Consensus View of Crime

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Criminology is the study of crime and criminals; a branch of sociology. More accurately, it is the study of crime as a social trend, and its overall origins, its many manifestations and its impact upon society as a whole. That makes it more a form of sociology than a law enforcement tool. But the trends it studies have a huge impact on the way the police do their jobs, the way society treats its criminals, and the way a given community goes about maintaining law and order. The writer will describe and give examples of the three perspectives of viewing crimes. The perspectives that will be highlighted are the consensus view, the conflict view or the interactionist view. Each perspective maintain its own interpretation of what constitutes criminal activities and what causes people to engage in criminal behaviors (Siegel, p.12). The Consensus View of Crime describes that crimes are basically behaviors that are believed to be extremely distasteful or unacceptable, in many, if not all elements related to society. Substantive criminal law, which is the written code that defines crimes and their punishments, reflect mainstream society’s values, opinions beliefs (Siegel, p.12). As it relates to consensus view of crime, the term “consensus” is used because it suggests because there is a general understand amount society as a whole of what behaviors are deemed intolerable and therefore should be considered criminal acts. Criminal behaviors are the behaviors that violate the criminal law. Acts are not considered to be crimes unless those particular acts are considered to be illegal based on the criminal law. As mentioned in “Criminology” by Larry J. Siegel, criminal law can be defined by as a body of detailed and specific guidelines about... ... middle of paper ... ... commit the same crime and based on each of the individuals characters, or how remorseful they are after the fact, explains why one may be sentenced more harsh than the other, this is definitely why first offenders usually get what we call a slap on the wrist. As highlighted above each of these three perspectives have very valid points, yet, I think I dis-agree the most with is conflict, this is because even though many of us do not wish to address it or admit it, we all separate ourselves regardless it be in classes, race, ethnicities, our job titles, etc. when it comes to the legal system, that system should be blind, I do not think it usually is; I think when a person stands in front of a judge or jury for a crime nothing should matter but the facts. Works Cited Seigel, Larry J. Criminology 11th Ed. Belmont: WADSWORTH Cengage Learning, 2012. .

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