Community policing has faced challenges in measuring the effectiveness of its strategies. Community policing has led to officers making fewer arrest (Mastrofski et al., 1995). Some people may see this as a positive thing, but critics of community policing may see this as a fault. Many officers are evaluated on how many criminals they get off the streets and the fact that less arrests are made by community policing officers can be a reason for skepticism. When it comes to serving the public with non-crime fighting services, community policing officers and regular officers seem not to have any difference in positive interaction of the people in the community, dealing with problems that citizens have, or doing order maintenance (Snipes, 2002).
The system is not to blame for the racial differences found in the United States criminal justice system. The racial issues found in the system are due to inner city isolation and common crime patterns involving drugs even if it may seem as if the system is racist. Major incarceration rates are supported by the increasing amount
Within the belief of the theory, people are not naturally bad individuals. It is the environment in which they are raised and they live in that is responsible for their criminal behavior. To respond to these lower level crimes, the essay says that patrol officers should be encouraged, or managed to get out of their police cars and walk the beat. This way, they are mingling amongst the citizens and building good relationships with the people that live in those neighborhoods. They are also expected to address people committing those minor crimes already listed by either arrests or citations depending on their
Crime did not simply shift from hot spots to nearby areas (see also Weisburd et al., 2006). What should police be doing at crime hot spots? There are still concerns about the effectiveness of hot spot policing, and what police officers should do in order to effectively reduce crime. Because police officer should be spending some time in these places it is essential to know what they should d... ... middle of paper ... ...ar offenders and geographic areas. Even though Operation Ceasefire was done as a citywide intervention in Boston, the deterrence message was only directed to a small audience rather than a general audience.
I believe Police should not stop someone based upon their race unless, suspicious behavior occurs. Racial Profiling or stop and frisking highly occur in the state of New York. The New York City’s Police Department stop and frisk practices raise serious concerns over racial profiling, privacy rights, and illegal stops. The police are stopping hundreds of thousands of law abiding New Yorkers every year, and the vast 84 percent of the stops are black and Latino. People say that stop and frisks are reasonable because they help reduce crime and protect citizens, but stop and frisks do not reduce crime rates and do not keep people safer.
New Jersey announced the idea of the “Safe and Clean Neighborhoods Program.” This program asked police officers to pay closer attention to smaller details, go out into the neighborhoods on foot patrol and make the communities safer. Although the officers did not enjoy the idea of foot patrol and complained saying “it was hard work, it kept them outside on ... ... middle of paper ... ...g in their cars. Living outside of the city limits, we do not usually even see the police unless there is a major emergency. The police officers usually stay toward the town or within the “city limits.” I think police patrolling on foot would be very beneficial in my community. It would not only allow the officers to interact with the people within the community, but it would also show citizens within the community that police officers aren’t terrible and they actually care about our wellbeing and safety.
If the community can trust the police department and see police officers without having to fear being killed or losing a loved one; then the community would be more committed to working with police to reduce crime in the area. Building trust with the community should be the first step the Newark Police Department takes to make a change in the city. Some other solutions include improvement to the training of officers and making the administration and communication systems more efficient. An efficient police force would ensure their already limited funds would be put to the best
James Q. Wilson and George L. Kelling were not the first researchers to point out the damaging effects that disorder, such as run-down buildings and graffiti, had on communities. They were, however, the first to accuse disorder of actually encouraging crime. (Gau & Pratt, 2010) The researchers were set on improving the minor problems in communities. Researchers dubbed these irritants “incivilities” or “disorder” and proposed that vandalism, graffiti, prostitution, aggressive panhandling and other socially undesirable conditions were the real causes behind people’s fear of crime. By doing so, Wilson and Kelling believed the appearance of the communities would greatly improve, decreasing the citizen’s fear of crime.
Police are placed in certain situations at times where they are easily placed in the wrong and are at the center of protests. A major form of police needed in a community are foot patrol officers. “This criticism is accurate. As studies confirm, the passing police car does little to make us feel safer or to deter crime; it distances the police from the community and prevents them from focusing on patterns of conduct that injure community life. Community policing calls for a return to foot patrol.
According to the authors these approaches are part of the interventions of hot spot because they include things like razing abandoned buildings and cleaning up graffiti. However, the increase of misdemeanor arrests of offenders contribute to the crime control in hot spot but not as much situational efforts does (Braga and bond 2008). Authors stated that situational crime prevention strategies are essential for addressing crime in hot spots rather than the aggressive order maintenance of arrests in high disorder places. In other words, if police officers only make arrest in hot spot this will not effectively reduce crime because they need to develop a more complex approach to deal with high crime areas ( Braga & Weisburd , 2010).