Researchers found that children’s externalizing issues such as aggression, substance abuse, and inappropriate behavior at school are commonly observed in children that are impact with domestic violence (Ghasemi, 2009; Moylan et al., 2009; Owen et al., 2009). Additionally, children will display poor academic performance because of the reoccurring exposure to viol... ... middle of paper ... ...impact of internalizing and externalizing problems on children who witnesses domestic violence. The study showed that children often suffer from internalizing issues such as depression and anxiety due to the violent exposure. Likewise, children often show externalizing behaviors such as aggression when exposed to domestic violence. Furthermore, Erikson’s theory is relevant in addressing the issue that trauma can have through the individual’s development when exposure to domestic violence.
Child abuse has been found to have bad effects on the lives of the abused victims. Psychology shows that children who are physically abused tend to develop some aggressive behaviors towards themselves and their surroundings, and children who suffer from emotional abuse tend to build unhealthy relationship in their adulthood. Many children grow up with no proper care from parents and this can make them dangerous to themselves and the society. The purpose of this essay is to explain the problems the abused victims are faced with and how child maltreatment can be prevented. Research performed by some authors has also shown that children who are abused have the tendency of becoming abusive parents themselves.
As a consequence of child abuse, children can have improper brain development, anxiety, impaired social skills, depression, and an increased risk for engaging in risky behaviors (CDC, 2017). Not only does child abuse effect individuals, but it also can affect the family of the abused child. The Oregon Department of Human Services (2009) commented that the structure of a family can be greatly impacted by child abuse. It is not uncommon to see children who have been taken from their families and placed in protective services. If a child is abused by a family member or other adult, the parents of the abused child can feel guilty and become emotionally distressed from not protecting their child (Oregon Department of Human Services, 2009).
A divorce can affect a child psychologically, intellectually, and even behaviorally. Children can suffer physiologically from things like depression, intellectually by having trouble in school and behaviorally by having trouble in social settings. Legally, a divorce is a single event, but from a psychological standpoint, it is a complicated, multilevel issue. Things like identity confusion, depression, and anxiety are all areas of psychological concern this paper will address. Through this explanation, I will demonstrate the harmful effects divorce has on children.
Some of the physical and emotional effects of parents using corporal punishment on their child can be seen immediately. Along with physical damage such as redness, swelling and bruises, there is also significant emotional damage. Loss of trust and confusion are immediate and very detrimental to a young child. There are also many consequences that remain hidden for years, which may cause these children to suffer fr... ... middle of paper ... ...here is no excuse that magically makes hurting a child kind or merciful” (1994, p.1). Children suffer damages that have been measured in many studies, by many doctors.
(2) When these events occur as an acute event or chronic exposure and are not treated appropriately, an adolescent can eventually put themselves in further chance of risk by the choices they make. Traumatized teenagers often abuse substances to numb painful feelings and memories. The trauma causes physiological responses such as depression, aggression, anxiety, and sensitivity. These responses can lead to social problems, difficulty in school and sadly, even suicidality. The majority of traumatic events that effect adolescents is due to maltreatment at the hands of an authority figure, such as a patent or a caregiver.
They may also internalize their behavior by becoming depressed and showing symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. Child maltreatment not only affects the child that is being abused, but the family system as well. Some acts of child abuse can be prosecuted with criminal charges which could result in jail time and other serious punishments. Children show the affects of their maltreatment throughout their life through their behaviors. Child abuse is a serious problem that needs to be prohibited by all agencies.
The most common causes of depression evolve from children who have been abused, who have chaotic families or households, non-consistent parents, neglect, or other stressful events. Children who experience loss or who have learning disorders are more likely to be diagnosed with depression. If bad things happen to a child and there is a family history of depression, a depressed child is a very likely outcome. Unlike depressed children, those who are without so many stresses in their lives do not have as much likelihood to become easily depressed as they get older. Each child's depression is individual, and causes will be different for each one.
Children, whom have irresponsible parents that engage in ridiculous discipline, are in conflict with each other or commit crimes exhibit early criminal behavior which, in turn, can be attributed to the maintenance of such behavior during their lifetime (Liu, 2004; Farrington, 1998). This is because according to the learning theories, the violent behaviors of parents are learned through modeling by the children and these behaviors are conditioned over time through reinforcement. Even if violence is not modeled at home, research suggests that the absence of effective social bonds among the parents and children, together with poor parenting skills leads the children to behaviors of
Many research studies have pursued an explanation for these psychological effects with hopes of preventing these effects in the future. Dr. Romanowicz (2009) utilized data from many different test subjects to examine whether or not the length of the child abuse, influenced if a child would later have difficulties forming bonds. (Nauert, R. (2009). ... ... middle of paper ... ...ural and emotional problems throughout a child’s life suggests that abuse leads to academic stress and performance problems. Many studies looking at both abused children and non-abused children have shown that abused children rank lower in terms of marks.