Firstly, I would introduce two leaders with ephemeral biographies and identify how their traits, behaviors, experience and values influenced and organized their individual groups in achieving the organization goals and strategies. 1. Effective Leadership Former perspectives on leadership focused on the position of the leader in the organization which led to theories and research on how positional leaders carry out their aims in the organization. These leaders used legitimate, cohesive and reward power (French and Raven 1959) to influence and direct their followers. Over time, new viewpoints such as Fred E Fielder (1976) leadership effectiveness theory known as the “Contingency Theory of Leadership Effectiveness” were developed.
A Good Leader In this essay I will analyse different leadership styles and the contributory factors of a good leader and how succesful leadership adapts to different sports using practical examples to supplement my arguments. It is appreciated that that the leadership of a group, e.g team captain, is a crucial element affecting overall group performance. Thus leadership is seen as any behaviour that moves a group closer to attaining its goals. (Wesson et al 2000) Leadership is: 'the behavioural process of influencing individuals and groups towards set goals'. (J.L.
More modern theories have arisen focusing on the ‘big five’ personality traits (as personality is considered to be fairly consistent in someone’s life) that can determine an effective leader – extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability and openness (I. Schermbrucker, lecture notes, PSYC101 Social Psychology, 22nd October 2016). This is a modern form of ‘transformational leadership’ which is the idea that a leader must be able to inspire and influence their followers to achieve goals that may not be in the individual’s personal interests (Burns 1978, as cited in Kuhnert and Lewis 1987). In order to do this, they would need to have an agreeable personality and the ability to use their personality to sway the individual to acting in a way that is beneficial to the community and not just for themselves. When Judge, Bono, Ilies and Gerhardt (2002) looked at data from 73 different studies, they found that these five personalities had an overall correlation of 0.58 when compared with effective leadership, with the best predictors being extraversion, openness to new experienced and contentiousness (as cited in Hogg and Vaughan
Most definitions share the assumption that it involves an influence process concerned with facilitating the performance of a collective task, as viewed by Burnes (2009) who defined leadership as the process of establishing goals and motivating others to pursue and achieve these goals. Otherwise, the definitions differ in many respects, such as wh... ... middle of paper ... ...ight things’. Good leadership can be measured by success whereas bad leadership equates to failure. The key skills and qualities of each leader may differ according to the individual. Good leadership requires respect for the team and encouraging their active involvement.
It is when situations arise and people or a person take ownership and accountability either as conferred or by choice, to make the best of the situation by bringing positive results, that makes for proper understanding of the leadership in that situation. Looking at the differing approaches and theories to leadership, it is important to note that all varying theories do have their strengths and weaknesses (criticisms as proposed by Northouse 2009). These strengths can be used as and when required and the criticisms are yet to be concluded on Trait Approach (Personality Trait) Some say leaders are born, others say leaders are made. I believe that there are people born with leadership traits who cannot utilize those traits while other people exist who were not born with these supposed traits but learned them and are making great leaders in different spheres of life. The trait theory opines that leaders must possess certain innate and fixed qualities which make them distinct from every other person; such traits or characteristics include intelligence, determination, self-confidence, sociability (extroversion), integrity etc.
Leadership is the process by which a person exerts influence over other people and inspires, motivates, and directs their activities to help achieve group or organizational goals. [i] It has been an old and common view that leaders are born, and not made. This is known as the Qualities Approach. Those which share this view believe that some core qualities of leaders are inborn, ie intuition, will-power and intelligence. This dismisses the idea that leaders can be manufactured, and places the emphasis on the natural ch... ... middle of paper ... ...ent.IE5/M8UV2CDB/266,11,Slide 11 [x] Jones, George, Hill Contemporary Management p 411.
Therefore, the ability to become a leader is hereditary, and on individual either has the qualities or not. In the trait based theory of leadership, the proponents of this theory states that leadership is innate characteristics whereby the leader is born with certain unique characters and abilities that set them aside from their followers. It is these special characteristics that are able to set them aside from other individuals who are subordinate to them. In the process of their leadership, they make use of these special characters to influence their followers in the process of change and during crises. Similarly, the situational based organizational leadership theory also puts an important stress on the influence factor of a leader.
Boston, USA: Harvard Business Pres Cooke FL, Shen J, McBride A (2005). Outsourcing HR as a competitive strategy? A literature review and an assessment of implications. HRM 44(4): 413-432. Mahmoodzadeh, E., Jalalinia, S. & Nekui Yazdi, F. (2009), A business process outsourcing framework based on business process management and knowledge management, Business Process Management Journal, Vol.
Taking a group of team from ordinary to extraordinary is an understanding and assumption the difference between leadership and management. Even though, there are enough professional leadership theories, each of them has its own importance, especially those are helping to find out the dimensions that develop great decision makers. Some leadership theories are focusing on personality behaviors and traits, at the same time others concentrate on broader perspectives to know how leaders relate to their followers. Understanding of various leadership theories and applying their doctrines can really help for the professional to become more effective and get drastic results from their team. A powerful leadership is an indispensable part of a group which
This essay will evaluate various teamwork theories, that explain the stages of forming a group and how it develops into a well established team. Examples of these theories include: Tuckman's theory of team development, Belbin's team roles, conflict theory, pluralism, trait theory and social learning theory. This essay will consider Tuckman's theory of team development, trait theory and social learning theory. Teamwork is influenced to a great extent by a leader, leadership styles and how effective their leadership is. Northouse (2012) defines leadership as “a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal.”.