Overall the Chinese from 100 CE to 600 CE was fulfilled with many cultural and political changes and continuities. The fall of the Han Dynasty brought political changes whereas the invention of paper brought about cultural changes. While there were a lot of changes, there were significant continuities, as well. Culturally, China saw Buddhism grow in power. Politically, they saw the wall of China go up as a way for their leader to protect them.
By the early 1600s, however, the Ming dynasty had grown weak and corrupt. Famine and rebellions ravaged the country. In Chinese terms, the Ming had lost the Mandate of Heaven, the traditional right to govern. In 1644, Manchu invaders from the north stormed into China and seized power with the aid of gunpowder weapons. They formed a new dynasty, the Qing (ching), which means “pure.” The Manchus came from Manchuria, a region just north of Korea.
One of the most important things to happen during this period was the evidence of writing. The invention of writing had enormous denouement on the culture and government of China. The literacy of the Chinese enabled Rulers to communicate efficiently with military commanders and governors far away from the palaces. Japan, Korea, and Vietnam all read Chinese writing. Thus making it possible for people from different countries and who spoke different languages able to communicate.
He also adopted the legali... ... middle of paper ... ...provinces, and the appointment of governors to collect taxes from them were just some of the things they got from China. China was the most populous country of this time and influenced greatly all of its surrounding countries. Many different dynasties ruled China throughout history, and each one had its own impact on China. Each ruler had his or her own beliefs and ways of ruling that would be pressed upon the people. Even the countries around China were affected when Chinese armies would conquer them and set up their armies in their country.
Speech pattern and the underlying social reformation of the Red Guards, due to the shift of political power in the bourgeoisie and proletarians society of China’s population will be explored as well. The success of the implementation of a single national language by the government of China throughout the country will be mentioned. Finally, how and why the language in China has differed greatly from one era to another will be analyzed in the essay, especially the power reason behind the changes in China’s language system. In the days of the imperial court, the usage of language in China was mainly by the Han dynasty court, which is only used by the royalties and scholars. This way, it can be seen that to be able to read and write the standardized language signifies one’s social status.
Qin Shihuangdi lacked to implement two out of the three schools of thought which were Daoism and Confucianism. Legalism is the third school of thought that devoted their attention to the state. Legalism was his political philosophy and his citizens rebelled against Qin’s imperial structure and policies. During this dynasty, Qin Shihuangdi attacked one state after another and established a centralized imperial rule. Therefore, military presence in the Qin Dynasty was very important.
Furthermore, the importance of village elections and the Tiananmen Square incident demonstrate the increasing importance of the individual in Communist China; by focusing on collective action at the local level, China has the potential to become fully democratic in the future. Works Cited Jamie P. Horsley (2001). “Village Elections: Training Grounds for Democratization.” The China Business Review 28 (2, March-April): 44-52. Kopstein, Jeffrey, Mark Irving Lichbach, and Yu-Shan Wu. Comparative Politics: Interests, Identities, and Institutions in a Changing Global Order.
The late 19th century and the beginning of the early 20th century marks a critical turning point in Chinese history. The high pressures of western imperialism and regenerated peasant revolutions caused a sudden shift in the Chinese social order. The fear of western imperialism caused a demand for modernization, self-strengthening, and defense. Sons of the traditional landlord-bureaucratic lost confidence in Confucian values and traditional institutions; this elite class was too weak to withhold foreign invasion. The sons of the gentry, soon became the most important contributors to the revolution that would rise up against the Confucius bureaucrats intellectuals.
By 618 though the Sui resources were exahusted from reuniting china and they were replaced by the T'ang dynastry which brought china to new peaks of organizational stability , ecomonic and milllitary strenght, and cultural spendor. The first of ... ... middle of paper ... ...ld be run, but they were able to explore deeper areas of the human race and what their purpose was in the cosmos. This ability to be able to sit back and reflect upon nature the cosmos, and society, was a result of the stability of China. The Han and T'ang Dynasties brought with them strong central government that focused on carring for the people and restructuring of the beauraeaucatic system through advancement by achievement, not heiridity. This upward mobility gave anyone from any class the chance to progress in Chinese society, and thus the great thinkers, poets and artisans came not only from the small aristocratic population, but rather from the entire vast population of China.
Why Was China Such an Advanced Society for So Long? Throughout history, China has been the center of many developments allowing for it to establish itself as an advanced society, one that has lasted through a number of dynastic cycles, an attempt towards the creation of a Republic, and still existing, People’s Republic of China, under the rule of China’s Communist party. Throughout this turbulent history China has made much advancement in site of its setbacks and has allowed itself to grow immensely and increase its stature, making it one of the world’s great powers. While most of China’s history can be analyzed through it its extensive periods under dynastic rule, the best way to look as China in terms of a successful advanced society is by analyzing its transformation under the Ming Dynasty, Qing Dynasty, and the formation of what is now known as Modern China. At the height of its rule, the Ming Dynasty oversaw a population of between 160 million (Fairbank, 128) and 200 million individuals (Ebrey, Cambridge Illustrated History of China, 197).