The emperor permitted trade with other European countries, with the intent that they adopted to Chinese culture, unlike the British (Cheng,105). Because China was seen as a relatively weak country at the time, Western powers tried to impose foreign trade there, therefore a large dispute followed. China tried to retain some power by attempting to prevent foreigners from entering the country’s interior. At the time, opium was introduced to China as an effective solution to the British trade problems (Cheng, 93). However, this caused economic problems in China ... ... middle of paper ... ...lity and nationalism in Japan after WWII (Craig, 141).
Their responses and actions to western imperialism would set a foundation for their future destiny in a world that was rapidly changing and moving forward, and leaving the traditional world behind. Both countries shared the fear of foreign influence, China continued to go against foreign influence and ultimately got taken over by western powers after being involved in four wars. On the other hand, Japan was more open to foreign influences and used it to their advantage. As a result, Japan had more technology, gained better understanding in political and moral ideas of western civilization. On the other hand China was against the new advances and couldn’t grow their nation as quick Japan did and was ultimately left behind.
It will be argued that the Qing government’s failures in responding effectively had led to long term grievances towards China’s existing system by the West, as well as exacerbated silver outflow of Chinese economy. The main factor leading to failures in effective response to western demands was China’s construct that it was superior to any other alien powers. Western demands for diplomatic relations can be seen in the three missions from 1793-1834 (Macartney, Amherst and Napier), but Qing’s rejection of Western demands resulted in Western grievances towards the existing system. The failure for Qing to respond effectively to Western demands was due to its world view that it was superior. The Macartney mission was a relative success, for communication between the West and China had been established, but the latter two missions were failures in term of establishing a friendly relationship between powers.
The Emperor of China was thought to be the elder brother to all other surrounding kings and emperors. China rarely had any contact with the West until the West turned to China for spices. This type of arrogance embodied by the Chinese proved to eventually hurt them as a society, both internally and externally. In t... ... middle of paper ... ...s”, this began a new stage of imperialism in China. The Opium War not only embarrassed China, but as a consequence, it also had a lot of dramatic social and economic effects as well.
Correspondingly, China’s way of handling foreign relations became useless and the West seized China by surprise. Japan, on the contrary, was interested in knowing about and from the West. The Shogunate promoted learning about the West. In 1857, a school of Western School of knowledge and language was created allowing Chinese officials to make decisions based on facts instead of prejudgement. Japan was very amenable to demands of Westerners which also contributed to the success of the nation.
Opium Wars and They Changed China In the early eighteen hundreds, Britain and other European countries demanded more and more Chinese commodities, especially tea and silk. However, only the port in Canton was opened to foreign countries, and Chinese would not take any other form of payments besides silver. The desire to make China into a free market that foreigners have more access to and the increasing, though illegal, European opium import to China eventually created tension between the European countries, especially Britain, and the Chinese government (Allingham Par. 1-2). The two battles fought and won by European powers were known as the Opium Wars.
In short, Europe thought China would provide them with the products they needed and they thought China was inferior in power. What strategies did China use in their empire/state building? China was under the Ming dynasty from 1368-1644. During this time China underwent many changes. The empero... ... middle of paper ... ... you avoid their turning to piracy?” The Chinese merchants grew in wealth and power as they gained profits from the foreigners (Document ).
Unable to defend themselves from the superior Japanese capabilities, China had to cede parts of its lands and open its ports for an indefinite amount of time. In China, the Japanese spearheaded imperialism that had many benefits, such as stabilizing politics, opening the economy, and bringing new ideas to society; however, since it created biased politics, unequal economic opportunities, and an oppressive society, Japanese imperialism became more costly to China than beneficial. Japanese imperialist influences led to stabilized, yet it biased politics in China. In a grab for power, nobles attempted to dominate China for themselves. When Japan entered China with its exceptional manpower and weapons, they prevented the nobles from doing so.
Although not as prominent a figure, the political impact of Chiang cannot be ignored. The downfall of the Qing Dynasty cannot be ignored as well as the 1911 revolution was a huge factor during this time in changing China. Having considered all the factors, it is to a large extent that I suggest Deng Xiaoping had the greatest impact on China because if it wasn’t for him and the way he encountered foreign influence during his time in charge, China would be stuck in Confucianism. Thus, although for much of this period it seemed foreign interference especially in the time of Mao seemed limited much of Chinas change was as a result of foreign influence. Although they were many short term events that brought about the revolution in 1911 such as nationalising the railways, leaving Pu Yi as Emperor of China and then using Yuan Shikai to crush the local rebellions.
Imperialism is an expression associated with the expansion of the Western European powers, and their invasion and occupation of East Asian countries, mainly throughout the18th and 19th Centuries. Imperialism was administered through brute force and trade that permitted the imperial nations of the west to benefit from East Asian states and manipulate their governments without going to the trouble of implementing political and economic control. During the 19th Century, Britain wanted to trade with the Chinese much more than the Chinese wanted to trade with the British. Since the Chinese had little demand for European products, the European merchants had to trade with silver. As an alternative, the British gradually began to trade in opium from India.