In old age you may forget a few things here and there, but it is only when the symptoms affect the person’s daily life that it can be called Dementia. The exact cause of Dementia is damage to the brain cells; it affects the way the brain cells are able to communicate with one another. When the cells aren’t able to communicate, it commonly disturbs thinking, behavior, and feelings. Synapse or neuron to neuron functioning is dismal which results in confusion and communication problems. Many things can cause damage to the brain cells such as, diseases that cause deterioration in the brain like Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
Dementia is composed of several diseases, the most prominent being Alzheimer’s disease.  According to the World Health Organization, Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 60 to 70 percent of dementia cases.  About 47 million people have been diagnosed with dementia, that estimated to grow three times as much by the year of 2050 to nearly 132 million people. There are many cognitive symptoms f... ... middle of paper ... ...ronic conditions (diabetes, arthritis, ulcers, and anemia).” It was also reported that caregivers would have worse conditions such as little to no exercise, problems with addictions to alcohol. Not only were there physical but also negative psychological consequences to being a caregiver.
Disorientation, mood and behavior changes, some confusion about past events are some severe symptoms. As Alzheimer’s worsens over time, the ability to get dressed or turn off the stove, are some examples of possible decline in ability to perform everyday tasks. Those who suffer with Alzheimer’s disease, could be forgetting to do things that they were supposed to do such as babysitting the children or how to get back home (V. Hill, Personal Communication, March 2014). Disorientation is another one of the symptoms of Alzheimer’s, which is having difficulty knowing the date, or what year they are in, or the location they are at. Alzheimer’s has no current cure, and it is a progressive disease, where dementia symptoms gradually worsen over a number of years... ... middle of paper ... ... new ways to detect those at risk of Alzheimer’s.
This disease makes it very difficult for older people to go on with their daily routines. People with rare genetic changes that virtually guarantee they will develop Alzheimer’s often begin experiencing symptoms while they are in his or her 40s and 50s (Thies 2012). When people think of Alzheimer’s they often think of memory loss and an exaggeration of normal aging, which is not true. Alzheimer’s disease is more than just a disease of old age and memory failure. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia.
The disease is very hard on both the person who receives the diagnosis and on his or her family and friends. Aside from medical help, those affected by the diagnosis may want to consider counseling and support groups to help them cope. In its earliest stages, Alzheimer disease slowly robs patients of their "higher brain functions," including short-term memory and the ability to learn new information. As the disease progresses, patients gradually begin to experience confusion, have trouble making routine decisions, and eventually lose the ability to perform even simple self-care tasks, such as bathing and eating. The disease may also produce changes in personality, behavior, and mood, such as depression, apathy, and withdrawal or baseless fears and aggressive behavior.
Description Alzheimer’s is a disease which makes people lose memory. Alzheimer’s can also be called dementia which is the same. Alzheimer makes people lose their memory and causes the loss of thinking skills of the nerves in a person’s brain to die. As the nerve cells in your brain keep dying, Alzheimer's can and will slowly get worse and worse over time. This disease doesn’t only make you lose your memory but it also affects thinking, language, behavior, and the tasks of daily life.
This memory loss is slowly joined with forgetfulness, cluelessness of hygiene, impaired judgement, and loss of concentration. The later symptoms... ... middle of paper ... ...new treatments and earlier diagnostic. Alzheimer’s Disease is the most common form of dementia, yet there is no cure. As the disease progresses, patients get worse and worse until death. This disease is caused by a buildup of amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles in the brain, which do not let the brain function properly.
It’s overwhelming for the people who have the disease and their caretakers. There is almost always a lack of understanding of dementia, which causes obstacles to diagnosis and care. The impact of caring for someone with dementia in families and societies can be physical, psychological, social, and economic. Dementia is most common in elderly people. It was once believed to be a normal part of aging, called senility; however, scientists know that it’s not a normal part of aging and that it is caused by a number of medical conditions that can occur in elderly and younger persons.
In the later stages of dementia, depression is commonly caused by the reduced function of the chemical transmitter that occurs in the brain. Some antidepressants can increase the already present confusion of dementia patients. Instead of these, antidepressants such as mianserin and mirtazapine are prescribed due to their lack of side effects. • Hypnotics are typically taken to reduce the effect of persistent restlessness that dementia can cause as an individual will attempt to rest. These medications may alleviate the symptoms of dementia, but do not completely cure the disease.
Inadequate training, lack of specialised education, negative attitudes and poor practice development can precipitate a failure in the delivery of high-quality care for the hospitalised dementia people (Chater & Hughes 2012). Brain Activity Changes Dementia progressively affects almost all brain functions, including the control of motor function (Plosker & Gauthier 2009). The cell damage leads to tissue shrinkage and limited function in the brain's frontal and temporal lobes, which control emotions, planning, and reasoning, judgment, speaking, understanding and controlling movements (Narvid et al 2009). Consequently people with dementia may suffer the difficulty of solving p... ... middle of paper ... ...rnal Of The Australasian Rehabilitation Nurses' Association (JARNA), 14(3), 8-12. McKay, A., O'Neil, M., & McMonigle, A.