“Give me liberty, or give me death.” We must diminish tyranny among our government. How did the United States accomplish this? After the Revolutionary War, the Founding Fathers decided to construct a government that was of the people, by the people, and for the people. By doing so, they needed to prevent the more than likely possibility of overbearing power falling into the hands of one or a few people, in other words a prevention of tyranny was needed (1769). This structure was stated in the Constitution, a written document that framed our American government, and so the Constitution declared four ways to prevent tyranny: Federalism, Separation of Power, Checks and Balances, and the Great compromise.
The Article of Confederation created a weak central government, where there was no chief executive, there was no court system, there was not even a way for the central government to force a state to pay taxes. For Madison and his fellow delegates, the challenge was to write a constitution that was strong enough to hold the states and the people together without letting any one person, or group, or branch, or level of government gain too much control. The founding fathers created the U.s constitution that would guard the country against tyranny that it experienced once before from the colonizers. The constitution outlined Federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances and representation of all states to help guard against tyranny.
The United States declared independence from England, July 4, 1776, because the king was abusing his power like a tyrant. An example of his tyranny is when he taxed without representation. A tyrant is created when absolute power is in the hands of an individual. The U.S. created the articles of confederation, a document stating the frame for a new government, making the national government weak and giving most of the power to the states. The 13 states needed a strong central government that will unite the states, while not giving too much power to congress or the president. So the founding fathers created a new frame of government called the Constitution in Philadelphia, on the May of 1787. The constitution, then guarded against tyranny through federalism, separation of powers, checks and balances, and the Great Compromise.
How did the people of America protect themselves from a person or group that had too much power? The Constitution was written in the summer of May 1787 in Philadelphia. The Constitution was made to get rid of tyranny. The Constitution was a final peace after the Articles Of Confederation failed. The Constitution protects us from tyranny with all of its laws. It also uses four parts federalism, separation of power, checks and balances, and small states vs big states.
“When people fear the government, there is tyranny. When the government fears the people, there is liberty.” By 1787, the enlightened statesmen began to understand and accept the flaws of the Articles of Confederation. It was too weak and did not allow the new nation’s economy to thrive. The system under these articles failed to create a strong central government and even lacked a court system. One major weakness of the central government was that they could not tax the states and this lead to an uneven distribution of power, and the states became overwhelmingly powerful. The challenge was to write a new constitution that was strong enough to hold the country and states together, secure the rights of the people, and not allow a single person, or a group of people to become tyrants. So when the fifty five representatives meet in Philadelphia during May of 1787 to amend the articles, they instead created a new and revolutionary government that was strong, powerful and protected the people against tyranny. The constitution guarded against tyranny by the separation of powers, a system of checks and balances, and by establishing federalism.
Slide One As ratified in 1788, the United States Constitution created the foundation for the United States federal government. The preamble clearly states the mission of the constitutional framers: “We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. ”(1) The founding fathers, authors of the Constitution, had experienced the injustice of tyranny and sought to establish a governmental structure that would not allow for any one ruling party to dictate the other.
The United States system of government is largely credited to James Madison. People who opposed the ratification of the constitution thought it did not secure the proper degree of separation (separation of powers press-pubs.Chicago.edu). However, the idea did not originate with James Madison, the principles creation is attributed to the Frenchmen Baron Montesquieu (separation of powers legaldictionary.com). “What distinguished the English constitution as the colonists considered it was the balance that existed among the components of the government, a balance intended to preserve liberty while providing the necessary degree of authority needed to maintain social order” (Beltz 28). The separation of powers is a basic constitutional principal of modern democracy. “Since the writings of Locke and Montesquieu, the separation of the legislative, executive, and judicial is deemed essential to avoid tyranny from the people who hold these powers” (separation of powers transparency.org). A society where the law is not overseen and the separation of powers of is not ensured ...
In 1787, delegates representing twelve out of the thirteen met to try to create a stronger central government for America. At this time the Constitution of the United States was written. On of the main priorities in writing the Constitution was to guard against tyranny. Tyranny in government is defined as harsh, absolute, power in one individual's hands. The constitution guarded against tyranny by creating a system of separation of powers, large states vs small states, checks and balances, and federalism.
Imagine as an American citizen waking up everyday with a ¨president¨ or a group that controls the country by using the army and makes all the decisions by them self, that could happen if we didn't have the constitution. The constitution was signed September 17, 1787 and created the US government and secured our rights. The Constitution uses three things to prevent Tyranny, Federalism, Separation of Powers, and Checks and Balances.
Separation of powers is defined in our textbook as, “Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive branch applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law. More simply explained, separation of powers is a concept the framers of the constitution developed to divide specific governmental powers among the three branches of the government: legislative, executive, and judicial. The framers believed it was important to separate the powers between the three branches to keep the majority from having complete rule over everything.