David Pelnner's Theory Of Human Development

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Introduction Middle childhood is one of the most crucial points of human development. It is the perfect time to be able to exam different psychological models. In the book called The Child called “it” by examine the life of David Pelzer and how different theories and models apply to his life. David’s story can be viewed through Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system and how it failed him, what stage David is in Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, and Kohlberg’s Theory of Moral Reasoning. Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Model Bronfenbrenner’s ecological system fails David continually throughout A Child Called “it”. According to Feldman, Bronfenbrenner’s system measures the impact your environment has on you development…show more content…
According to Feldman, Piaget’s theory of cognitive development measures a child’s way of thinking and their process for making choices (2015). The mainstage the David is stuck on throughout A Child Called “it” is the fourth stage. Feldman states that the fourth stage is categorized by the child having thought out plans (2015).David presents this knowledge of the stage by thinking of quick solutions when his mother is attacking him. This first time that we notice this in the book is in the chapter Bad Boy where “she attempts to burn David’s Body on the stove after burning part of his arm. After David caught on to what she was trying to do, he stalled and watched the clock hoping his brother Ron would come home. He asked questions to deter her” (Pelzer 42). This shows that in the tough moment between life and death, he was able to think of a complex plan to avoid having his mother burn him. Another example of David’s abstract thinking is when his mother locks him in the bathroom with a bucket of ammonia.” Using his head, he took a cloth and wet it down in the toilet. He then used the cloth to cover his face. He laid on the ground and used the heating vent to get air every so often until his mother let him out” (Pelzer 108). This plan took quick thinking and planning. During those few minutes he was able to logically put…show more content…
According to Feldman, Kohlberg’s theory measures what drives ones morals (2015).With good reason, David is stuck in Kohlberg’s first stage. David only thinks in terms of punishment and reward. During the Chapter the Fight for Food “David’s mother often staves him as a punishment or just for fun. To satisfy his hunger, David begins to steal food from other kid’s lunch pails” (Pelzer 49). David did not worry about the law, but only how his mother would punish him if he was caught stealing again. David continues to steal throughout the chapter but only worries of his mother catching him and beating him as punishment. Another example of his mother being what he worries about when being caught is during While Father Is Away “ His mother forced him to hold his head under the cold water for fun, when she left, David held his head above water only to put it back under when he thought he heard his mother’s footsteps” (Pelzer 113). He did this out of fear of being abused if she came back and caught him, showing signs that David is in the first stage

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