Criteria for Evaluating Theory Testing Research

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Criteria for Evaluating Theory Testing Research
Nurse’s Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Pain in the Emergency Department
The purpose of the study was to examine emergency department nurses understanding and opinions about pain (Moceri & Drevdahl, 2014).
Theory Explicitly Described: Marion Good & Shirley Moore, (2010), acute pain care management model is briefly described.
Concepts Theoretically Defined
Concepts from Good & Moore (2010) acute pain management, major concepts are powerful pain medications, pharmacological practices, non-pharmacological practices, assessment of pain and the side effects associated with medications, goal setting and balance between analgesics as well as side effects (McEwen & Wills, 2011).
Overview of Previous studies
A controlled number of these studies have been carried out in the United States, with the bulk being international (Moceri & Drevdahl, 2014).
Research Questions/Hypothesis
Survey questions that according to Moceri & Drevdahl (2014), that were the 8 most difficult (correct answer and mean score in parentheses) answered by emergency nurses best gaged knowledge and attitudes about pain included:
1. T/F: Respiratory depression seldom occurs in patients who have been receiving constant doses of opioids over a set period (T: 39.6%).
2. T/F: Study shows that promethazine (Phenergan) and hydroxyzine (Vistaril) are reliable potentiators of opioid analgesics (F; 48.3%).
3. T/F: Vicodin (hydrocodone 5mg + acetaminophen 500mg) PO is approximately equal to 5-10mg of morphine PO (T; 34.4%).
4. Which of the following IV doses of morphine administered over a 4-hour period would be equivalent to a 30mg of oral morphine given every 4 hours? (Morphine 10mg IV; 48.9%)
5. A patient with persiste...

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...iladelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Moceri, J. T., & Drevdahl, D. J. (2014). Nurse's Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Pain in the Emergancy Department. Journal of Emergancy Nursing, 40(1), 6-12.
Nibert , A., & Troseth, M. (2011, January 11). Nursing Education & Practice: Bridging the Gap on ADVANCE for Nurses. Retrieved from
Nurses Info (2010). Marion Good & Shirley Moore. Retrieved from
Sharif, F., & Masoumi, S. (2005). BMC Nursing | Full text | A qualitative study of nursing student experiences of clinical practice. Retrieved from
Weigand , L. (2013). Customer Service: The Nursing Bundle. Journal Of Emergancy Nursing, 39(5), 454-455.
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