Coronary Artery Disease: A Case Study

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CAD: Nutritional Considerations

The role of diet in Coronary artery disease is evident from its pathological process, which involves the formation of plaque within the arteries, alterations in endothelial (where the inner lining of the arteries don’t work properly) which in turn, influence blood pressure, and inflammatory processes. Diet plays a major role through the regulation of blood lipids and by influencing endothelial function and the underlying inflammation that causes disease progression. A modified diet, particularly if combined with regular exercise, can prevent, delay, or reverse the progression and development of CAD.

Primary Goal of Diet

Controlling Blood Lipid Levels Saturated fats and cholesterol in the diet increases blood lipid levels, particularly LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol). Controlling blood lipoprotein levels with a combination of diet, medication (if necessary), and exercise, is the most effective treatment for CAD patients.

Decreasing Saturated Fat and …show more content…

First, benefits of omega-3 fatty acids generally been demonstrated in individuals following less than optimal diets, rather than in vegetarians or people who have been following a very low-fat diet. Second, while many studies have used fish oils, some evidence indicates that’s diets rich in plant sources of omega-3 fatty acids have similar results to reduction in CAD. Walnuts, flaxseed, flaxseed oil are all rich sources of omega-3 and lack the cholesterol of non-plant sources which CAD patients don’t need. Third, fats or oils that provide omega-3 fatty acids are as energy dense as any other fats and are mixtures of various types. Fish oil, for example, contains a large amount of saturated fat and cholesterol. Patients who include fatty fish in their diets as a means of increasing omega-3 intake will also increase saturated fat intake, and may see a rise in cholesterol levels, something that CAD patients should

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