Further, attention is given to schedules of reinforcement used to establish and maintain behaviour. This topic will explore the application of Operant Conditioning where learning is controlled through reinforcement of certain stimulus and response patterns. Learning through Operant Conditioning To understand Operant Conditioning we must look at the laws that control the relationship between two variables: independent variables and dependent variables. When an experiment is conducted, the independent variable(s) are manipulated by the experimenter, and dependant variables are measured from the subjects. Skinners system described the independent variables as the type of reinforcement, and schedules of reinforcement, and the dependent va... ... middle of paper ... ...ses of the organisms to external stimuli.
The word art carries different meanings to different people. Some appreciate art in all aspects while others just know it exists. In an elementary classroom, art allows perception, awareness, judgement, and the expression of ideas to occur in ways that are not technical such as mathematics or language. Gardner's study of multiple intelligences helped to support the use of art because of the different types of learning that an individual can be able to experience. Gardner also believed that children should interact with his or her environment, which can be accomplished by experiencing art.
I will create and implement quality assessments that cater to the differing needs of the students within my care. Assessment for learning will enable me to gain an insight into students knowledge, skills and understandings, which in turn will inform my future planning. This process involves teachers, students and their parents reflecting upon and responding to the evidence. Assessment as learning involves students taking responsibility for their own learning. Both formal and informal assessment activities will be embedded into the learning process and students will be encouraged to use self assessment and peer assessment as part of regular classroom routines.
Cognitive Behaviorism Cognitive behaviorism explains why the subsequent learning and performance of the learner influenced by what he or she has acquired from an outlook. Classical and Operant theory The other name used to refer to these two theories is conditioning theory of learning. Classical theory occurs when reflex behaviors respond to stimulus. On the other hand, the outcome of operant has some consequences which can be either a reward or punishment when antecedent comes after a behavior. Learning theories have stages in which one must pass through.
Behavior Analysis believes these are imperative to understanding behavior and the influence of events. Furthermore, the term operant conditioning behavior corresponds to the stimuli of the consequence. Moreover, the Consequence that precedes a behavior can be positive or negative. The significance of these stimuli is the ability to influence and affect the contingency of the individual target behavior. The main dynamic of Applied Behavior Analysis is it capacity of being able to measuring Behavior.
The theory was founded by John B. Watson who believed that our responses to environmental stimuli shape our behavior. Behaviorist such as Ivan Pavlov, John B. Watson, and BF Skinner believed that with the right conditioning, a person could successfully be trained to perform any task. Accordingly, through classical or operant conditioning we acquire specific behaviors that ultimately contribute to our personality development (Moore, 2013). According to Kendra Cherry, “classical conditioning pairs a naturally occurring stimulus with a response. Next, a previously neutral stimulus is paired with the naturally occurring stimulus.
The librarian help children in all aspect like developing their skills, improve the children education by providing knowledge and useful information and provide the service for entertain the children. The library play a major role in children progress where the children and parents are participate to develop a intelligent community.
This essay will consist of a discussion on behaviour theories and how behaviour has a connection to learning. Behaviourism has three main theories namely, classical conditioning, operate conditioning and observational conditioning, furthermore learning occurs after the behaviour has taken place. Behaviourism emphasizes on the role of environmental factors which results in influencing the behaviour. This essentially results to focusing on learning, as we learn and experiment, this causes an alteration in the way the environment is perceived, also in the way we interpret the incoming stimuli, and therefore how we choose to interact, or behave. Learning may be learned through classical or operant conditioning.
In early childhood, teachers guide children’s artistic learning, which is then supported by peers (Wright, 2003). This is known as the guided approach. In this approach, teachers reflect, explore and plan together possible way to extend children’s artistic knowledge and skills. Furthermore, activities are deliberately open-ended to foster divergent thinking and support the process instead of the product (Mills, 2014). Teaching creative arts provides children a mode of communication and a medium for representing the world (Wright, 2003).
My Philosophy of Education My philosophy of education and my personal goals and theories about how students are empowered through their educational experience revolve around the student-centered, interactive approach to instruction and learning. My goal as an educator is to create a learner-focused environment that promotes the basic literacy skills - reading, writing, listening, speaking and thinking. Children are readers, writers, and thinkers who need language to question and understand. They become members of literate communities using language in real ways for real purposes. Through my own classroom research, I have learned to listen to children, to observe the multitude of ways in which they learn, and to examine the elements that encourage their growth.