The National Campaign to Prevent teen Pregnancy acknowledges that, “There are 750,000 teen pregnancies annually.” Eight out of ten of those pregnancies are unintended. The State Board of Education needs to keep sex education in schools because it can help teens make conscious choices about sex, and it can also teach about the consequences if they choose to engage in sex. Several people may question whether sex education needs to be a course that is kept in or out of schools, however it does have more benefits to keeping it in as opposed to keeping it out. If sex education were to be removed from schools, teens will not have a way to learn about sex unless their parents or guardians talk to them about it. Assuming that parents or guardians do not talk to their kids about sex and it is dismissed from schools, kids will learn about it on their own which could possibly lead to false information and teen pregnancy.
Without knowledge teens will explore things without caution. Sources indicate that the argument to allow sex education within public schools, such as middle or high schools, is whether the benefits of learning about sex at an early age will outweigh the risks of experiencing sex without advanced knowledge. Teenagers who learn about sex in school are less likely to have sex at a young age than those who learn from family, friends and the media. Based on a questionnaire conducted by Victoria Bourton, a senior staff nurse, Paediatic Accident and Emergency at St Thomas’ Hospital, students, 16 and 17 years old, knew about the risks of having sex because 75% of the answers about sex were correct. Participants felt that the need for sex education at an earlier age is appropriate and will reduce the urge to ... ... middle of paper ... ...s, 2011.
Seven hundred fifty thousand teenagers, ages fifteen to nineteen, become pregnant each year (“Facts”). Teenage birth specialists have often debated whether or not teenagers should have access to birth control and other contraceptives. Although some people think teenagers having birth control will promote promiscuity, birth control should be accessible to teens because they will put themselves at a higher risk for disease and pregnancy without it, and more teenage girls would get a high school diploma with it. Those who disagree think providing birth control promotes promiscuity and premarital sexual activity. In the article “At Issue: Birth Control Availability,” the author argues that access to birth control and other contraceptives for teens would make them think their behavior is acceptable.
What should we do to stop or moderate the sexual behavior of teenagers? There are plenty of good ideas, but the most important ones are: schools should teach sex education frequently, organizations and companies should help teenagers to abstain from sexual relationships, and parents should intervene. Schools should teach sex education frequently until last grade. An interesting fact is that the CDC data shows that less than the 50% of middle schools teach sex education (Sex Education in Schools). This means that underage teenagers probably don’t know about sexual relationships while they are young.
“Each year, U.S. teens experience as many as 850,000 pregnancies, and youth under age 25 experience about 9.1 million sexually transmitted infections (STIs)” (McKeon). Clearly this shows us that teens are sexually active, yet the school systems refuse to effectively educate our youth on what being sexually active fully entails. Sex education can be approached in two different ways; comprehensive and abstinence only. Comprehensive sex education “addresses both abstinence and age-appropriate, medically accurate information about contraception. Comprehensive sex education is also developmentally appropriate, introducing information on relationships, decision-making, assertiveness, and skill building to resist social/peer pressure, depending on grade-level” (Advocates).
“Eighty two percent of parents have talked to their children about birth control but what about the other twenty seven percent?” Our nation has the highest rate of teenage pregnancies among western developed countries. What is that showing to our teens? Some say it falls back on the parents and other people argue the school system needs to step up their curriculum and teach about the different contraceptives not only about abstinence. Even though the responsibility should not fall back on the public school system, birth control should be taught in the public school because parents are not always educated in the different types of birth control and it could prevent pregnancy in high school. My opinion is that the public school system should teach about the different kinds of birth control that's out there because “proponents argue abstinence only programs are not effective and students should be taught about other methods.” (Monique) I feel if we give our teens the knowledge they can use it or they can store it for a time that is right.
"Sexual Risk Behavior: HIV, STD, & Teen Pregnancy Prevention." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 26 Aug. 2013. Web. 12 Apr.
These programs have been proven to increase condom usage among teens. Many schools accompany these condom giveaways with information about abstinence and the risks of unprotected sex. Some schools even have clinics, in which students can acquire contraceptives as well as be tested for pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases. These in-school clinics are rare but seem to have an effect on teens’ sexual behavior. Schools that do not have these programs available on campus should provide literature about the risks of unprotected sex, counselors to help students who are feeling pressured to have sex, as well as information about the nearest sexual health clinic.