Sexually Transmitted Diseases ( Stds )

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Today it is no longer a novelty to hear that teenagers are having sex. However, while this “bedroom” activity may be fun, there are now ample reports indicating that rates of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in teenagers have skyrocketed. Current data reveal that nearly 25% of adolescent girls who have sex are infected with one of the four commonly sexually transmitted infections-namely gonorrhea, chlamydia, herpes and HIV (Kann et al, 2015). Nationally, the prevalence of STDs account for 50% of cases in people under the age of 25. While every ethnic and race has been known to be affected, African American youth are disproportionately affected. These data are not a surprise to professionals who are engaged in adolescent sexual health because the numbers have been slowly creeping up over the decades, despite national educational policies to counter the threat of STDs (Sales & DiClemente, 2016). All the STDs have a significant impact on sexual and reproductive health, if they are mot promptly diagnosed and treated. Although many preventive strategies have been implemented in all communities, the rates of STDs are still increasing (Madkour et al, 2016). Routine screening of all asymptomatic sexually active teens has been attempted but has not worked out. The reason is that the cost of such a screening program is prohibitively high and students and teenagers are often paranoid about their privacy and unwilling to participate (Llata et al, 2015). For over a decade, the rates of STDs in adolescents and teenagers have been rising in almost every city in the US. Thus, now researchers are asking two questions: 1) what is causing this rise in STDs? and 2) What can one do to counter it? In order to answer these two questions it is impor... ... middle of paper ... transmitted to others and also result in legal problems. There is no one method that can deter sexual activity in teenagers. By teaching them about STDs, we also protect ourselves from these deadly infections. There is no one fool proof method of preventing sexual activity in teenager or adolescents –the current strategies are now geared towards reducing the number of STD cases and encourage safe sex among teenagers. However, it is also important to remember that health resources have a limit and one simply cannot go on providing condoms ad lib, if they are not going to be used. One has to accept the fact there there will always be a certain population that will remain noncompliant with behavior strategies or use of condoms. The name of the game is not to have zero sexual activity or no STDs among teenagers, but just safe sex with the least number of infections.
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