In 1959, Fidel Castro seized power in Cuba during an armed revolt against then dictator Fulgencio Batista. The US government was apprehensive of his relationship with Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev and subsequent communist actions. After one year from seizing power, Castro expropriated $1 Billion in U.S. assets by nationalizing all U.S. owned businesses, including factories, casinos, and oil refineries. Castro had also built an Army that was estimated at 250,000 militia members with 30,000 well trained regular Army soldiers.1 As Castro began making it clear that Cuba was now a communist led state aligning itself with the Soviet Union; the U.S. decided it was time to act. President Eisenhower would not tolerate a Soviet republic 80 miles south of Florida. This was a self-evident fact, but the framework was laid a decade earlier.
The Culture of the Cold War After world war one peace looked inevitable. Everyone was wrong about this because a few years later world war two erupted. This great war was supposed to be the war to end all wars. In this war it was crystal clear who was the good side and who was the bad side. Almost everyone figured that if the bad side was defeated then peace couldn’t possibly escape us again.
For the time of WWII the United States and the Soviet fought side by side as allies. Although they were allies with the same cause their partnership was a tense and rocky one. “The United States was always very concerned about the tyranny of Soviet communism and most importantly the blood thirsty ways of its leader Joseph Stalin.” (Taylor 2001) On the Soviet side, the Soviets had always resented the fact that America never really recognized them as legitimate part of the international community and because America delayed its entry into WWII, it resulted in millions of Russians dead. When WWII was over these accusations turned into both sides having a mutual sense of distrust for one another.
Starting from the 1940s, which is known to be the start of the Cold War. The topic I want to discuss is the Berlin Blockade, which initiated the first crisis and the possibility of war between the Unites States and the Soviet Union. The Berlin Blockade was an attempt to limit western allies including America to travel to their sectors of Berlin by blocking their access. Stalin, who was a political leader of Russia, wanted Berlin to be communist and end all access of the western powers. The Russians wanted to force the western allies to permit them to supply Berlin with all necessities, like food and fuel, so they could practically be in control of the whole city. So the Russians began interfering with the traffic in West Berlin and ended up imposing a ban on all traffic flows on June 24th 1948. In response, the Americans used military force to clear the routes to Berlin and eventually the western allie...
After World War II, nationalistic and communist ideas and ways of government inspired many Latin American countries. Dwight D Eisenhower stated, “By the middle of 1954 Latin America was free, for the time being at least, of any fixed outpost of Communism.” In Cuba, Fidel Castro leads a revolution and the communist and him took control of Cuba. Shortly after, he nationalized the sugar plantations, and in response the US placed an embargo on Cuba. In a speech that was heard over the radio and was televised, Castro states, “If they blockade our country they will exalt our nation, because we will resist… We are part of humanity and we run the necessary risks, yet, we are not afraid.” He was willing to do anything in his power in order to continue the spread of communism. The Bay of Pigs was an attempt made by the US to overthrow Castro’s communism, but it failed. The citizens of Cuba desperately wanted to be set free from his communist ways. Some even went as far as making precarious voyages in hopes of reaching the Florida coast. The United States also caught the Soviets building Silos for missiles in Cuba. Because of this, the US and Soviets came near to war, possibly starting World War Three. Everyone thought that once the Berlin Wall fell and the Iron Curtain was lifted, that countries, including Latin American countries, under communist control would soon rise above communism. But instead, communism began to violently spread throughout the region. With all of the desperate attempts of the United States to cease the spread of communism, they were not competent
After many disagreements with the Soviets shortly after WWII, the U.S instituted the Truman Doctrine in 1947 that stated the U.S would, “support free people who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.” Essentially, prevent communism from taking root in any more places. The direct consequences of this doctrine would be the U.S’s involvement the Korean War, the Vietnam War, and a mutual distrust between the U.S and USSR that would continue well into the nineties. The indirect consequences (indirect because these countries were largely independent of the Soviets or the Chinese) would be the U.S’s actions in South America, most notably the toppling of a democratically elected socialist governments in Chile and funding a bunch of thugs to harass the communist government in Nicaragua. A less direct method of containment would be the Marshall plan, which offered financial aid to all European countries (including the Soviet controlled countries) that had been damaged in the during the war, provided that they comply to a few economic sanctions. This made the U.S appear much more benevolent than the Soviets (Soviets couldn’t afford aid programs for all of its satellites) and allowed American consumerism to get its foot in Europe. While this policy containment did wonders at hindering the spread of communism, I think a policy that involved
Fidel Castro boldly established a volatile world of revolutionary power only ninety miles off the coast of Florida in 1959. Fidel Castro had a detrimental influence on the history of Cuba, but as a popular dictator he used the revolution to start his leadership, his political thinking to develop new policies, and his connection with the Soviet Union to gain allies. Throughout his regime the economic policies were used to suppress the people, and the Cuban Missile Crisis boosted his international image.
On January 1, 1959, Cuban dictator Fulgencio was overthrown.(Goode, Stephen 75). Fidel Castro overthrew the old government and took over as Cuba’s ruler. During the weeks ahead, Castro found a new government and on February 16, he was officially declared ruler of Cuba (Finkelstein, Norman H. 127). The United States did not mind this new regime because the old ruler was running an unfair, corrupt, and unpopular government. Soon after everything was set, Castro and his men made a quick move to change their political course. These events worried the United States and there were concerns about Castro becoming too powerful. One reason was the friendship Castro had with the Soviet Union. Cuba was receiving armed forces to expand and improve its army. Cuba received 30,000 tons of arms a year, which included Soviet JS-2 51-ton tanks, SU-100 assault guns, T-34 35-ton tanks, 76-mm field guns, 85-mm field guns, and 122-...