Cold War History

explanatory Essay
2283 words
2283 words

What Was The Cold War?
After World War II America and Russia became superpowers. Even thought they fought together against the Nazis they soon became hostile rivals. Between 1945 and
1989 the two countries and their allies were involved in a conflict known as the Cold War. The United States and the USSR never used weapons directly against each other. So how was the Cold War fought? The Cold War was fought through Proxy Wars, the Nuclear Arms Race, spying, strong words and threats, prestige, and the Space Race.
Both sides deeply mistrusted each other because they believed in two completely different types of government. The Eastern countries were run by a communist government, whereas the Western countries had democratic capitalist governments. The Western countries hated communism and believed that the USSR wanted to spread it throughout the world. They therefore did everything they could do to stop it from spreading. The mistrust made the East and West extremely suspicious of each other. Even though no shots were actually fired people were still scared that a nuclear war could start at any moment.
How Did The Cold War Start?
In 1917 the Bolshevik Party took control of Russia and turned it into a communist country. In 1923 Russia joined with three neighboring areas under Bolshevik control and formed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR). In 1941 during World War II, Germany invaded the USSR. The United States, Britain and the USSR formed the Grand Alliance. Even though they were fighting together there was still a lot of mistrust between them.
By the beginning of 1945 Germany was on the verge of defeat. In February Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill, the British prime minister met at Yalta on the Black Sea to discuss what wo...

... middle of paper ...

...ed in the USSR. The republics that were part of the USSR demanded their independence. On August 19, 1991 a group of hard core communists tried to overthrow Gorbachev. At the time he and his wife were on vacation in the Crimea and the KGB put them under house arrest. Meanwhile in Moscow the leaders of the rebellion sent in tanks onto the streets. The president of Russia, Yeltsin demanded that
Gorbachev be released. On August 21, only two days later the communists in the rebellion gave themselves up and were imprisoned. Yeltsin wanted to end communism, so he forced Gorbachev to end the communist party. By December 1991 the USSR had broken up. On December 25 Gorbachev resigned and Yeltsin was now in control of the nuclear weapons. Despite the ending of the Cold War there are still many nuclear weapons in the world. There is still the slight possibility of a nuclear war.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that truman feared that communism would spread throughout the world unless the united states did something.
  • Describes how they visited western europe and were shocked at the amount of damage caused by world war ii. marshall made a speech at harvard university saying that the united states would give money and equipment to help rebuild the countries.
  • Narrates how gorbachev and reagan met in geneva and agreed to discard some of their nuclear missiles. they signed the intermediate nuclear forces treaty in washington d.c.
  • Explains how the cold war was fought through proxy wars, the nuclear arms race, spying, strong words and threats, prestige, and the space race.
  • Describes how the bolshevik party took control of russia and turned it into a communist country.
  • Explains that the united states, ussr, britain and france divided germany into four sectors, each under the control of one country.
  • Explains that stalin's plan was to try to starve west berlin. the soviets closed all railroads and railways running from the western half of germany into berlin, but the western powers decided to airlift supplies into the city.
  • Describes how the us dropped the first atomic bomb on hiroshima on august 6, 1945, which started the arms race.
  • Narrates how the soviets invaded korea north of the 38th parallel of latitude and the u.s. troops went tinto the south.
  • Explains that berlin was divided after stalin lifted the blockade in 1949. east berliners were able to vote in free elections and speak their minds.
  • Narrates how castro overthrew batista and the united states supported an invasion of cuba. khrushchev sent money and arms to castro.
  • Explains that president carter was angered by the invasion of afghanistan by soviets. he cancelled the salt ii agreement, increased the size of the u.s. military and allowed the production of a new missile system.
  • Explains that president bush and mikhail gorbachev met on the maxim gorky, a soviet warship off the coast of malta, and announced the end of the cold war.
Get Access