By February of 1861 six states had seceded from the Union (Glass, 2008). The Civil War was impacted by Southern and Northern leaders. Two of the leaders in the South were Jefferson Davis and Robert E. Lee and in the North the Union was led by Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant. A few years after Lincoln’s election, the North and South swapped their party labels as the conservatives from the South grew dissatisfied with the Democratic Party's increasingly progressive platforms. Conversely, the historically Republican strongholds in the Northeast began voting Democrat. The Union led by Lincoln and Grant, opposed slavery and the won against the Confederacy during the Civil War. In 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring "that all persons held as slaves" within the rebellious states "are, and henceforward shall be free." The Southerners reflected on the consequences of the immediate liberation of slaves. If all slaves were emancipated and free labor were abolished suddenly in the South, cotton could not be tended to and harvested and would ultimately result in the fall of the Southern economy. The slave owners were heavily reliant on free labor for profit. Without the production of cotton in the South, Northern …show more content…
The end of the Civil War brought legal end to slavery, but it did not immediately affect the economy, policy or social differences. Some policies of the Reconstruction era may have even exaggerated the differences between the states. For example, the federal pension system, in 1862, that sought to provide support to veterans, was offered only to Union Army veterans. As such, Union veterans -including African-American veterans- earned financial security in the latter half of the 1800s, while their Confederate counterparts were less well off. Post-war Southern society, was faced with federal occupation for nearly a
During the time period of 1860 and 1877 many major changes occurred. From the beginning of the civil war to the fall of the reconstruction, the United States changed dramatically. Nearly one hundred years after the Declaration of Independence which declared all men equal, many social and constitutional alterations were necessary to protect the rights of all people, no matter their race. These social and constitutional developments that were made during 1860 to 1877 were so drastic it could be called a revolution.
On April 12, 1861, Abraham Lincoln declared to the South that, the only reason that separate the country is the idea of slavery, if people could solve that problem then there will be no war. Was that the main reason that started the Civil war? or it was just a small goal that hides the real big reason to start the war behind it. Yet, until this day, people are still debating whether slavery is the main reason of the Civil war. However, there are a lot of facts that help to state the fact that slavery was the main reason of the war. These evidences can relate to many things in history, but they all connect to the idea of slavery.
Leading up to Civil War many events transpired that created a disconnect between Americans within the United States. The South believed that slave labor boosted the profitability and sustainability of their economy by allowing for cheap labor that lasted for a long time, while the slaves could also reproduce, creating more cheap labor to come. The North, however, disagreed with the South; they did not want slaves to take American jobs and they also promoted American labor. The North and South each tried to sway the other’s position on the topic of slave labor, but neither would budge. As time passed, certain events lead to the decline of slavery. The south recognized this and threatened to secede from the Union, adding to the disconnect between the two. Secession is defined as: to break away from; but for the South it was leverage to either help them attain what they desired or they could leave the union. Admitting free states, disallowing slavery to expand, and President Lincoln’s election were significant factors that lead to the secession of the southern states in 1860 and 1861.
On January 1, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation; as the country headed toward the third year of the civil war. This proclamation stated: “that all persons held as slaves are, and hence forward shall be free,” however this only applied to the states that were no longer part of the union, leaving slavery untouched in other states. However the Emancipation Proclamation was needed to benefit African Americans.
Lincoln's election lead to the belief that Southern interests were no longer considered in the federal government, and that the government would outlaw slavery. However, Lincoln's only agenda was to preserve the union and restrict slavery where it already resided. Despite receiving no votes from Southerners, Lincoln was still able to win the election. Southerners viewed this as Northern conspirators planning the destruction of Southern institutions. Southerners virtually lost all political power due to the influx of immigrants in the North and the election of Lincoln. Southerners feared Lincoln would use federal power to push through the abolition of slavery. Lincoln’s desire to restrict slavery caused many Southerners to feel as though their constitutional rights were violated. With no representation in government Southerners felt the only solution was to secede from the Union and form their own government. In addition, Lincoln’s inaugural address made it clear that “the Union of these states is perpetual,” making clear that secession would not be tolerable. Lincoln's attitudes and policies after winning the Election of 1860 fueled the secessionist’s arguments of the South. If any other candidate had been elected, who was more willing to compromise, war would’ve been avoided and concessions could’ve been made to both sides. However, Lincoln couldn’t compromise with the South,
Lincoln 's decision to issue the Emancipation Proclamation in 1863, was to up the North 's support so they wouldn 't go to the confederate side. Not only a change in North war, but a change in the slavery, like granting the slaves their freedom so they wouldn 't have any more slave revolts which would cause even more chaos in other words another war. "The Emancipation Proclamation granted freedom to the slaves in the Confederate states if the states did not return to the Union by January 1,1863. In addition, under the proclamation, freedom would only come to the slaves if the Union won the war." Abraham Lincoln president at the time, the northerners also known as the Union, the south also known as the confederates, and slave states still in
... that south had no vote for Republican Party, Lincoln had dominated the election with “fifty-four percent of the regional total and forty percent of the national” (Give Me Liberty 502). The Lincoln’s winning marked the sectional division of the nation. In March 4, 1861, the seven states of the south formed the Confederate States of America, and the beginning of civil war.
By 1855, the Whig Party had collapsed, and most of the members joined the new popular party, the Republicans. The Democrats believed in slavery, while the Republicans were against it. This led to greater conflict in the North and South, this gave them competition. In fact, the election of 1860 was a major cause of the Civil War. During this election, Lincoln became the first Republican president, vowing to abolish slavery. Lincoln winning presidency gave the South a huge disadvantage, slavery was vital to the Southern economy, so this posed a great threat to the South. Immediately after the election, seven southern states seceded from the Union to form a new nation called the Confederate States of America. Lincoln, of course, attempted to avoid disunion, but failed miserably. Therefore, within the first months of his presidency, the Nation was engaged in war. Lincoln then lead the Union to victory, and abolished slavery in America. Lincoln
Although, they didn’t favor emancipation, they were expecting slavery to die on its own over time. The border states that still held slavery, had many problems arise. A Union officer in Kentucky freed slaves, after a major victory. Many Union soldiers were upset and threw down their guns and disbanded. Lincoln had to intervene and unfree those slaves, because of fear of military backlash. The emancipation was very beneficial to the North, as it crippled the South’s production. They had very few slaves fighting for them, as they were now free. Still, the Emancipation Proclamation did great things for the North. Slaves that were held in rebellion states were now free people, which gave the Union more fighting support. As the freed slaves would join their cause to terminate slavery. With the Union’s victory of the war, it held to a stronger
In the 19th century, The United States was experiencing a profound era of reform. Along with the development of the nation, sectionalism began to intensify as well. Thus, the northern and southern states began to acknowledge a divide in America. The differences that manifested between the two groups largely concerned economic and political interests. Both the north and south sought to protect their own stability and promote the welfare of their own systems. Eventually, the growing tension would result in southern secession and a war. The Civil War would be fought for many dynamic reasons, however, three causes include the following: the northern usurpation on the stability of the South’s economy, the north disregarding the Dred-Scott versus
The Civil War that occurred was one of the darkest times in our history as a country. It was a time where there was a complete breakdown of social and political systems. Hundreds of thousands were killed and hundreds of thousands more were aversely affected. However, it was also a time of remembrance and significant moral progress. It is remembered as the turning point in American History and would be the foundation for the Civil Rights movement many years later.
As our National Anthem goes, America should be the “The land of the free”, and our Constitution calls us “equal”. During the time frame of the Civil War, however, America was the complete opposite of free. As a whole, we struggled with finding a solid conclusion to end slavery and the unfair treatment of African-Americans who were in and entered America. Even after the Civil War, discrimination and segregation were still major issues that plagued our past society. But as for the Civil War, America was truly not the “Land of the Free”.
The Civil war was the time in the American history when American were trying to get the answer of like who Americans are, what right should they possess, whether a person can own the other person or not which took placed during 1861 to 1865 between southern and northern states over the issues of slavery. Civil War era is usually portrayed as the ear of war over the conflict of slavery fought between North against South as a struggle over free labor against slave labor and local sovereignty against Federal power. During the civil war and slavery era, African American had endured exclusion, humiliation, degradation, segregation in the American civil society.
Horrific! The American Civil War, also known as the War Between States and the War Of Secession, was an extremely gruesome and bloody war (World Book 614). The war, which started on April 12, 1861, when the southern troops fired on Fort Sumter, and ended 4 years later, took more American lives than any other war in history (614). This war was between a divided union in whish the southern states were trying to preserve slavery while the northern states were dedicated to a more modern way of life and were trying to end slavery (614). This war was fought in the minds of great men like Abraham Lincoln and Robert E. Lee and the end of the war was the beginning of a slavery free nation. The American Civil War was a horrible event in the history of the world which started from three main causes: slavery, disputes over states' rights, and because of the division which existed between the South and the North.
The Emancipation Proclamation not only freed slaves but also served as a Union war strategy. The emancipation of slaves in southern “states” caused unsettlement between slaves and their owners. Plantations were heavily impacted because as slaves left to find their freedom, production of crops decreased due to the lack of labor. This affected food crops, cotton, and other resources. Just a little while after the Proclamation was issued, African American recruitment began. This boosted the number of Union troops and gave them another advantage. In a way, the Union owes their victory of the war to the Emancipation Proclamation.