He needed to keep in mind that if the Union was to stay intact that he needed to please both sides. In an attempt to do so he created a document that along with freeing some it kept some in chains. The document gave the Union a surge in manpower and also support from the states by allowing those who supported it to keep their slaves. Eventually slavery would die but not as peacefully as Lincoln wanted it. And even with freedom there was the issue of giving the freed slaves the ability to practice their unalienable rights like the rest of American citizens.
After the 13th amendment was passed, there was a severe shortage of workers on plantations and they needed help. The black codes were partially created because of economic worries of not having labor in the south. They helped reconstruction because it ensured that wealthy southern landowners would have a cheap and steady workforce they needed, because some of the codes forced African Americans to sign contracts that required them to work for meager wages. The government was also scared that the freed slaves would try to get revenge on their owners. The black codes helped regain control and inhibit the freedoms over the freed slaves, prevent black uprisings, ensure the continued and steady supply of cheap labor, and maintain segregation and white supremacy.
The South implemented many unjust laws to still allow the whites to stay ahead and to keep the blacks poor and dependent. Overall, though, I believe that the North and the former slaves won because of the outcome of the Civil War. Although the effects of the war were not immediate for the slaves and abolition did not automatically mean freedom and equality for slaves, the war and the legislation that followed it set the groundwork for the advancement of black people. The thirteenth through the fifteenth amendments helped to pave the way for blacks to enjoy the same opportunities as whites. Obviously the North achieved its objective of reuniting the country and preserving the Union.
For example, abolishing slavery in the United States was unfair towards the South. The South’s economical state depended on the backs of the slaves. After all, slavery was a form of free labor that gave southern plantation owners an affordable way to mass produce. Slavery became so common that it was a dependent for the South (Arrington). Slavery in the eighteen hundreds was as important to southern plantations as cars are for most people today.
Fashions in New England and Europe increased the demand for cotton and made the crop very valuable. Since the cotton was so profitable to the small farmers and plantation owners alike, there was a surge in the population to the south and southwest in the early 1800’s of farmers trying to cash in on this crop. With this growth there was the need for more slaves to work the fields. Many small farmers had very few slaves if any, but the big plantations could have hundreds of slaves to work the fields and in the main house. Between 1820 and 1860 the slave population in Alabama went from 41,000 to 435,000, in Mississippi from 32,000 to 436,000.
It created an awakening for slaves since he was one of the first slaves that wrote a biography of his life even though slaves were expected to be uneducated. It showed cased slavery as evil and immoral and more people began to support the abolitionist movement. Thus caused conflict between the south and the north because many whites had different opinions and beliefs about slavery. Since they claimed slavery was a good thing because slaves were given a place to live and a place
However, he eased his beliefs with pragmatics; it absolutely penetrated that slave labor was the South’s economy health. Abraham Lincoln knew that the abolitionist states in the North could get benefit from trading with the Southern states because they grew tobacco and cotton on plantations. He was also criticized by his other side because of his slow process on moving the abolition movement to the South. However, he was able to get its done, despite the bloodshed of the Civil War. He knew the necessity of this war and in order to unite the American people, he must win this war.
Due to this worry of losing their “way of life” due to Lincoln’s victory in the election, the South decided to secede from the Union, which eventually lead to the Civil War. There was a complex set of factors that led up to the Civil War, the abolitionist movement was one of these, but was definitely not of most importance. Slavery was the main focus of this war, but the center was not the freedom of slavery. Many Americans had little interest in slavery, but cared about their way of life.
One of these reasons was the fall of the Whig Party. The Whigs opposed annexations because they threatened the harmony of the sections. The Whigs were too divided, this lead to them not being able to answer back to the Democrats attempts to bring back the manifest issue in 1854. The Kansas- Nebraska Act wreaked havoc; this act would allow slavery in areas where it had never been permitted before. This act was supported by Southerners which lead to the North becoming more worried about ending slavery.
They argued that such a policy would benefit the North because slaves were contributing greatly to the Confederate war effort. By doing most of the South's farming and factory work, slaves made whites available for the Confederate army. But still Lincoln feared that him freeing the slaves would divide the North, he believed that the four slave-holding states would secede if he adopted such a policy, and he saw them as vital to the survival of the Union By 1862 large numbers of slaves were escaping and seeking refuge with Union armies. Lincoln recognized that the extraordinary pressure of the war was gradually destroying the institution of slavery, even without legal emancipation. In July 1862 Lincoln read a draft of the Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet.