Just as the quote has displayed, the policy has changed the reality of the Chinese and has created horrible results that may never be corrected (Scutti). China’s one-child policy has caused irreversible effects, proved to be unnecessary, and is still influencing the world today (Anders). To begin, the one-child policy was created in 1979 to control China’s booming population. The policy was a result of a rise in the population from 542 million in 1949 to 975 million in 1979. With the loss of their leader, Mao Zedong, in 1976, the government feared not being able to provide for the growing population (Scutti).
If they are allowed to have a second child they must first wait three to four years their first birth. However, the exception does not apply in some ethnic groups (Rosenberg n.p.) The one child policy applies to every person in China except some of the Government officials (one-child policy n. p). Wealthy people can get away with not having to pay fines when they break the policy because t... ... middle of paper ... ...e girls. Abandonment is also a major problem in China.
It is possible to have two children only if the first child is born with a disability, if parents work in a high risk job, if the couple lives in villages, or if the family is a non- Han, otherwise you are allowed to have only one child. In China, if a family denies this policy, it is penalized by the government. According to Bluett, “these families are slapped with heavy fines and raised taxes and they no longer received free health care because defying the One Child Policy is considered a criminal act” (2). This policy is still effective today, and it has changed the life of the Chinese people in so many ways. China’s one child policy should change because with the implementation of this policy, China has faced a significant gender imbalance, as well as violating basic human rights.
The sharp population increase brought a series of problems, like environmental pollution, traffic congestion and shortage of water and food supplies. To reduce the population growth rate, in 1979, the Chinese government implemented the famous One-child Policy. This policy was planned as a short-term program, but it is still in use till now because of the successful prevention of about 400 million births. Meanwhile, the One-child Policy has been judged as a violation of human rights and a demographic disaster which brings gender imbalance, aging of the population and manpower shortage. On one hand, it truly lowers the birth rate and population growth rate of China.
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14 Dec. 2013. Xuefeng, Chen. "The Social Impact of China’s One-Child Policy." Security in Asia. Harvard Asia Pacific Review (Summer 2003): 74-76.
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Accessed November 2, 2011. www.census.gov/prod/2010pubs/acsbr09-17.pdf. (Walters et al. October 2010) Walters, Nathan P., and Edward N. Trevelyan. U.S.Census Bureau, "The Newly Arrived Foreign-Born Population of the United States: 2010." Last modified November 2011.
Web 3 May 2015. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2173285 Zhang, Junsen & Sturm, Roland. "Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 13, No. 1." When Do Couples Sign the One-Child Certificate in Urban China?, 69-81.