China's One-Child Policy (OCP): Past, Present, and Future

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Development and implementation of one child policy During the first half of 50’s government did not limit the population growth but did the exact opposite and actually encourage families to have more children. This was due to the Mao Zedong’s or Chairman Mao’s believe that more population would mean more economic development, more labor and more growth, however, late 1950’s changed that and that is when China began implementing first population control measures. As population reached 600 million Mao expressed his wish for population to remain in this level. Government soon realized that in order to keep population at this level, long term population control would have to be implemented. First they began by simply distributing various forms of contraceptives among general population. As famine of 1959-1961 struck the country it set the policy aside but as soon as country began to demonstrate signs of recovery the family planning campaign resumed where it left with distribution of contraceptives. By the late 1970s, China had experienced success in decreasing fertility rates by increasing the use of birth control under the slogan "Late, Long and Few". As a result China's population growth dropped by half between 1970 and 1976. Nonetheless, it soon leveled off, making government and officials seek more drastic measures and on September 25, 1980 an open letter by the Chinese Communist Party established One-Child Policy (OCP) also called Family Planning Policy (FPP). Nevertheless the OCP name is misleading since the policy allows for exceptions. For instance rural families with first child being disabled or being girl are allowed to have another child. Also, couples where both bride and groom are single children are allowed to have two ... ... middle of paper ... Families.” University of Delaware – Human Development and Family Studies. N.p., 2008. 1-36. Web. 13 Dec. 2013. Tan, Guangyu. “The One-Child Policy and Privatization of Education in China.” International Education 42.1 (Fall 2012): 43-53. Web. 13 Dec. 2013. Watts, Jonathan. “China's One-Child Policy Means Benefits for Parents – If They Follow the Rules.” The Guardian. The Guardian, 25 Oct. 2011. Web. 14 Dec. 2013. Xuefeng, Chen. "The Social Impact of China’s One-Child Policy." Security in Asia. Harvard Asia Pacific Review (Summer 2003): 74-76. Web. 13 Dec. 2013.
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