Rather than denying China normal trading status because of human rights violations, the Clinton administration has opted for a policy of "comprehensive engagement," which holds that long-term U.S. goals such as human rights improvement are more likely to be achieved through sustained contact and open trading than by further isolating China. Yet Chinese human rights practices, including respect for political and labor rights, continue to fall well below internationally accepted standards. In perhaps the stickiest issue, the White House warned last week that there was little chance of PNTR for China without legislation setting up a watchdog commission to monitor Beijing's human rights practices. China, however opposes any plans by the U.S. to monitor human rights as a condition to granting PNTR. On One Hand... American businesses should not be coddled at the expense of human rights.
In addition, it has gone against the moral expectations of all nations by supporting the countries that violate human rights. Chinese leaders need to reassess their actions and ensure that they take their responsibility as an upcoming superpower.
With those two definitions its clear citizens of China should be able to make the decision to have more than one child and that it’s unfair, although the harsh and cruel law declares otherwise. Originally in 1979 when the one child policy was introduced it was to control the growing population and reduce the strain on scarce resources. In some eyes it was a great valuable decision while to many others it left them shattered. China was wrong to take away the right to have as many children as a family wished. It was a decision made fully by the people of Chinas government and the citizens of China had no say so they had to comply or they’d face penalties.
The population then had a major growth from about 540 million in 1949 to 940 million in 1976 . Then Beginning in 1970, people were strongly encouraged to get married at a later age and only have two childr... ... middle of paper ... ...5 Controls . The Controls that are imposed on Chinese women and their families as well additional abuses that are engendered by the system. They range from abortion to discrimination policies against children, which also violate the international covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the standards in the Convention on the Rights of the Child. The one child policy has had negative effects on China and is causing families to have to limit themselves to only one child.
The ultimate goal of helping the common-people to become educated and thus prosper. Harsh laws and severe punishments, which were common in Confucius’ day, should be abolished. In short, his theories of governing were in complete contrast to those in power at the time. The solution to these problems was to awaken the people to the necessity of reason, and reinforce the thought of morality and harmony. One of the reasons that many Chinese do not formally object to human rights violations is that the collective wellbeing and not the self has been part of their culture for hundreds of years.
The one child policy has limited the number of young people coming into the work force, and with modern medicine the life expectancy was 73.49 as of 2011. This caused the amount of elderly to increase and the young population to be limited. Another rising problem is the population gap between male and female children. Traditionally male children are favored over females. Parents will go to far lengths to get a male child, even if it means aborting or abandoning their first if it were to be a girl .Several Chinese suffer from the extreme disciplinary act the government takes on offenders.
However, little is illustrated about the dynamics involved in issuing and removing an arms embargo. In part one this essay proposes that an arms embargo is simple to initiate, primarily because it meets the demands for action in circumstances of conflict and violent repressions, and requires minimum political consensus among the UN member states. Nonetheless, the failures of many arms sanctions during the past two decades could either maintain or alter this situation. Furthermore, the second part of this essay will argue, with specific references to the EU’s sanctions against China and Syria that embargoes are not difficult to lift per se, but their removal ofte... ... middle of paper ... ...eview the EU arms embargo on China: the clash between value and rationale in the European security strategy”, Perspectives. Review of International Affairs (2004) 22 pp.
Why it Matters Why does it matter if Mainland China violates human rights or not? It matters because Mainland China is the second world power as of today, and soon if not already other states will follow in the footsteps of Mainland China. China could be setting a precedent to change the international norm that all violation of human right regardless of what the U... ... middle of paper ... ...uarterly 12.1 (1998): 74-102. REUTERS. "China Aims to Fully Mute Dalai Lama."
President Clinton used 'some of the harshest American language against China for years' to tell the Chinese leaders that their state of human rights was 'thoroughly unacceptable'. Britain on the other hand approached the situation delicately, desperate not to offend the Chinese and provoke conflict. Blair, who visited Chine in October 1998, said 'persuasion and dialogue achieve more than confrontation and empty rhetoric'. Britain's main motive for such delicacy was it's fear of China's discontinuing their trading rights. However despite this fear Britain still felt it necessary to take action, as they too agreed that China's standard of human rights was inadequate.
“China and the Asian Contagion”. Foreign Affairs, 77(4): 78-88. Mufson, S. (1998) “China not Going to Devalue Currency , U.S. Official Says”, Washington Post, A17. Perkins, D. (1986). China, The Next Giant?