The Impact of China’s One Child Policy

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China’s One Child Policy is still a current issue today. Before the policy was created, Mao Tse Dong, was China’s communist leader, who believed in planned births. He wanted the country to go by the slogan “later, longer, fewer.” This encouraged families to have fewer children, to space the births out longer, and to have them at a later age in life (Nadia 295). He believed that once people’s education increased so would the practice of birth control. This would help lower fertility rate and could bring some people out of poverty. After Mao Tse Dong’s death, the government took a more active stance on reducing population growth, so the One Child Policy was created and enforced. The One Child Policy became an issue in the late 1970s and early 1980s, but is still a debatable topic today. Deng Xiaoping was China’s new leader who greatly encouraged the new policy to be enforced. He believed that controlling the population would better the country. China’s family planning policy was introduced to alleviate social and economic problems but has increased forced abortions and infanticides.
The One Child Policy was a form of birth control that puts a stop to having too many children. The policy was promoted as a voluntary birth-control program, but has been executed through the government and a set of administrative controls such as registration, certificates of approved birth, and birth certificates. This huge organizational network has been established to implement this policy relying on the controlling powers of the government. The Chinese leaders saw that there was a rapid population growth; therefore, this could lead to low food supply and economic development. This was seen as a danger to the country’s future, so the government bega...

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...cy was enforced harshly, women’s bodies became the target of enforcement, and verbal or physical abuse by officials was frequently directed at women for exceeding planned births.

Works Cited
Diamond-Smith, Nadia and Malcom Potts. “Are the Population Policies of India and China Responsible for the Fertility Decline?” International Journal of Environmental Studies 67.3 (2012): 291-301. Environment Complete. Web. 16 Feb. 2014
Nakra, Prema. “China’s “One-Child” Policy: The Time for Change is Now” World Future Review (World Future Society) 4.2 (2012):134-140. Academic Search Complete. Web. 16 Feb. 2014
Chen, Juniie and Gale Summerfield. “Gender and Rural Reforms in China: A Case Study of Population Control and Land Rights Policies in Northern Liaoning.” Feminist Economics 13.3/4 (2007): 63-92. Humanities International Complete. Web. 16 February 2014
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