Causes Of The Arab Spring

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The Arab Spring:
Why has the Arab Spring produced different results across the Middle East?

In the Arab world in late 2010, starting in Tunisia and flowering in Egypt, a movement of people frustrated by their governments, corrupt leaders and a lack of jobs suddenly felt safe to take to the streets. The Arab Spring began when a young Tunisian man set himself on fire to protest government corruption and poor economic conditions. This action inspired a wave of protests across Tunisia, which ultimately resulted in the ousting of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali from power.
The success of the political uprising in Tunisia sparked similar unrest throughout much of the Arab World and Middle East, most notably within Libya, Egypt, Syria, Bahrain, and Yemen. To date, the leaders of Egypt, Libya, and Yemen have also been overthrown.
In those countries that have not experienced government upheaval, a common outcome of the Arab Spring has been sustained civil unrest, political instability, and the extension of political and economic concessions by leaders seeking to appease protesters. Many questions could arise as one contemplated those events. One of these questions would be: Why has the Arab Spring produced different results across the Middle East? This paper is a humble attempt to suggest some answers to this sort of these logical questions.

What is the Arab World?
The Arab world consists of twenty-two countries encompassing all of North Africa and much of the Middle East. The Arab people number over 360 million and while they share a common language, there is a surprising degree of diversity among them, whether in terms of nationality, culture, religion, economics, or politics. (McCaffrey, 3) Most inhabitants of the Ar...

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... Arab states that faced massive protests: high unemployment among the young, corruption and political repression.
In fact, occasional protests occurred particularly in the Shiite east of the country. But the regime successfully used its rich resources to keep the country stable. The revenues from the oil sector allowed Saudi Arabia to offer concessions that helped to depoliticize strategic sectors of society, and to finance and increase security and intelligence forces. When protests occurred in other Arab states, the government immediately imposed a nationwide ban on demonstrations. King Abdullah also announced a vast subsidy program. Furthermore, the royal family received a valuable support from the influential Council of Senior Islamic Scholars which said that demonstrations are not compatible with Islam and therefore declared a ban on protests.

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