Using VPN telecom companies were able to balance their network loads and become more efficient. In 1997 Ramnath Chellappa defined Cloud Computing as we know it today. He stated it is a “Computing paradigm where the boundaries of Computing will be determined by economic rationale rather than technical limits alone.” Salesforce.com is most noted for the first jump into Cloud Computing in 1999, delivering enterprise applications through their website. Amazon was the next company to utilize Cloud Computing offering web services in 2002. (Sourya, 2011) Cloud Computing Cloud Computing is an exciting concept because it can do much more than just executing and streaming your data from one place to another.
It also enables providers to use cloud computing data centers. The cloud computing will transform IT in corporate world and in government information technology. In the article Federal government enter the era of cloud it stated that the “government agencies are hoping to benefit from the cost savings, scalability and collaboration cloud computing offers” (Berg, 2011). The White House officials want government to start using cloud computing as it provides a secure future. Adaptation of this new technology for a small town government will provide them with secure servers, and reliability and affordable cost-effectiveness.
The cloud is simple, it allows businesses to access IT resources over the Internet. Budriene and Zalieckaite (2012), says “Cloud computing is a new conceptual paradigm for business which combines into a single environment not only applications, architecture and business models, but a variety of professionals for performance of common business tasks in the Internet medium,” (p. 120). The global technology research and consulting firm “Gartner” reports that in 2013 cloud computing services are estimated to be worth 150.1 billion dollars. This number has tripled since 2009 when cloud computing services equaled 56.3 billion dollars. The 56.3 billion dollars reported for 2009 is 21.3 percent more than was recorded in 2008.
Once the application is operating, increased usage and growth along with hardware or software failures can hinder performance or corrupt the entire system. Cloud is refining IT as a resource that is accessible anywhere, similar to a utility. Comparable to the power grid that encompasses America, users simply plug in through an Internet connection and pay for what they use. (Scharff, 2011) Cloud providers offer IT resources that support all types of applications along with compatible hardware, software, and programing. Organizations connect to a third party Cloud provider that proposes and designs an application to meet their unique business needs.
This entails the need for technologies that enhance digital customer experience to effectively cater to today’s rapidly changing digital marketplace. One of these technologies is the cloud platform. We’ve also noted that adaptive security and compliance should be among the top priorities of enterprises for digital transformation. With cloud adoption, companies have resolved most of their concerns, including security, and have also empowered employees to innovate and deliver custom solutions much faster than ever before, allowing early adopters to gain the lead in this digital transformation race. In a report by Harvard Business Review (HBR), 84% of the enterprises they surveyed said that their use of the cloud has increased and that more than a third of these companies reported increased revenues, profit margins, and data security as a result of deploying the cloud.
Cloud Computing is the idea or concept of accessing scalable (able to be expanded) technology-enabled services using the Internet instead of a personal computer or an office server. Some of first movers in cloud computing includes Salesforce.com which introduced the idea of delivering applications through a simple website, Amazon with its Amazon Web Service, and Google Docs. Decades ago, most businesses use a centralized computing model which usually includes supercomputers where all the software, storage devices, and other things are included. But because of its very high cost which typically reaches up to millions of dollars, the demand for less expensive but more powerful microprocessors have increased in the 1980s. That, through the phases including grid and utility computing, Application Service Provider (ASP), and Software as a Service (SaaS), eventually led to the evolution of cloud computing.
Resources on the cloud can be organized by the seller, and used by the client. Also it shares essential software's and on request for different IT industries. The first company to give a great interest of importance of cloud computing was amazon followed by Google, IBM, Zoho,Rackspace and Microsoft. There are huge benefits of cloud computing and one of them is that the customer don't need to buy resources from a third party vendor which helps the customer to save time and money. Cloud computing is used by medium enterprises not only for multinational companies.
They provide scalability and availability when they are designed properly. • Cloud computing services can be used for e-commerce as scalability and availability is crucial, even a single minute of down time makes us losing much revenue that too during peak holiday seasons. So using cloud allows us in utilizing additional resources and also on the other hand balances the load when compared to the traditional servers. • For Customer Relationship Management (CRM) which is an important thing for any business. Salesforce.com can be used for CRM.
Our research group has to agree that implementation of cloud computing to PCB companies can be done within the next few years because the IT industry being used by PCB companies will drastically change as the research group knows. Most or some employees may not fully understand the concepts or even grasp the basics of cloud computing in this present era but it takes time for them to learn. Personnel of PCB companies especially upper managers would expect good results and benefits both financial and technical from cloud computing in this fast moving years run by society depending on tons of IT platforms. Managers and employees would expect a statement from favorable to high ratio of profit to budget. The business model of PCB companies are based on helping managers and employees on how to move efficiently and effectively while saving costs and earn more profit to improve productivity and sales.
Tech Giant firms like Google, Microsoft, Amazon, Apple, Samsung and IBM have invested billions of resources ($) to provide their client IT services that are hosted on the internet, the common ones being Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS), Software as a Service and Storages as a Service (STaaS). These are often marketed as efficient and cheap solution which will help one to reduce their overhead cost. This paradigm shift, has raised concerns in the loss of control over data as well as privacy and security. The idea of handing over important data to another client, worries many. With Cloud Computing continue to gain popularity, client and user are showing sign of over reliance to it.