Machiavelli explains the concept of virtu in the context of one’s reputation. In this context, Machiavelli is pragmatic. His writing reflects his idea that a prince should demonstrate flexibility and the preservation of power. In chapter 11, Machiavelli explores his ideas not simply in regards to a prince, but also to other leaders such as the pope. He believes, “His Holiness Pope Leo has found the papacy extremely powerful.
The milieu and government system in England helped to shape More as a hero. Due to the fact that England is a Catholic country, most of the people in England are Roman Catholics, including King Henry VIII and More. In the drama, Chapuys was a diplomat who suggested that "More is a true son of the Church". More also attempted to serve two masters, Henry and God, but this is proven to be a failure because at the end of the play More can choose to serve his King keep his life and lose his soul, or serve God to keep his soul and lose his life.
Although he awarded many rights, he challenged them with other restrictions. Overall, France was stable following the horrid Reign of Terror but it also awarded more rights than in the old regime. Finally, the social aspect of France could prove Bonaparte to be either heroic or tyrannical as well. Many social changes transgressed during his reign. For instance, there was an increase in education and an end to feudalism, however Napoleon ruled the imperial catechism and was emperor for life.
Many historian look upon Richard as a villain. Others attribute this view as tainted due to the perverse nature of England following his reign, and the need for support of Henry Tudor's ascension to the throne. One aspect that almost all of the historian agree with is that Richard did have some moments where his actions were for the better of England. Looking at such actions can shed light on the true characteristics of his rule, and that he quite may have been a beneficial part of English history. 	Richard, Duke of Gloucester, was the brother of King Edward IV of the House of York.
He favored a republic over a constitutional monarchy. When Napoleon came to power, he immediately consolidated personal power by overthrowing the five-man Directory and created a Republic. Napoleon used his status and power during the Revolution to bring out and surface Revolution ideals and help his people. Napoleon’s role in European history was the savior of the French Revolution due to the fact he accomplished most objectives that the people hoped for. Goals of the French Revolution included overthrowing the old regime of an absolute monarch, write a basic and worthy constitution, and give more rights to the third estate and limit the first and second estates power in the Estates-General.
This establishment of France would begin to occur prior to the religious wars, and would be spearheaded by a strengthening of the centralized government through the development of royal absolutism. The most significant contributor to this movement was Cardinal Armand du Plessis de Richelieu, political advisor to the king, Louis XIII, and head of the French Roman Catholic Church. The Cardinal's capable leadership, ambition and strong will fortified France's move from a second rate country to a European powerhouse. During his reign as first minister, Richelieu would accomplish numerous tasks, and establish himself as a symbol of power and leadership in France. Born in Paris in 1585, Armand du Plessis de Richelieu is considered by many to have been "the most important single figure in the building of French absolutism" .
Louis XIV and Religion Louis XIV was a devoted Catholic. Even so, his wish to centralize and unify France caused conflict between France and Rome. Like his ancestors before him, Louis and the clergy of France upheld the tradition of Gallicianism, control of the French church by the throne. On of the most serious of these conflicts involved Louis' claim to income from vacant positions in the French Catholic church. Out of this conflict came a document known as the Four Gallican Articles, which reaffirmed the throne's supremacy over the pope, even in doctrinal matters.
He aimed to stop Ireland’s radical threat by winning over the Irish Catholics, and to create a convincingly secure long-term relationship between the two governments. Tragically, it was this last aim that Peel, and many of his successors, found most elusive. The challenge posed by Ireland’s resistance to British rule necessitated willingness on Peel’s part to gain the support of the country’s people. The Catholic population made up over seventy percent of the main, and with the vote granted them by 1829’s Emancipation, they had become a vital election target. It was widely understood that the Catholic clergy guided and inspired the laity, and Peel recognised their vital place in Irish society.
Power There are many ways you can get power. One way you can get power is by inheriting it. In chapters 18 through 23 there were many examples of inherited power. King Louis XIV is an example of a king who inherited power. Louis the XIV’s father King Louis XIII died in 1643, Louis the XIV then inherited the crown and established one of history’s best examples of an absolute monarch.
Although, he was greatly helping France, he still needed to find a way to develop a stronger connection and peace between Protestant and Catholics, who were near enemies at the time. One thing he did was converting to Catholicism, which would develop a better relationship with the pope. Another thing he did was appoint a man named Sully to be his chief minister. Sully was a devout protestant, so this decision would create a better relationship between Protestants, Catholics, and the monarchy. As all of this was happening, henry and Sully created a reform called “the Edict of Nantes” which would give more freedom to protestants as they were not accepted as much as Catholics at the time.