Vanderbilt, T. (2009). Traffic: why we drive the way we do (and what it says about us). New York, New York: Vintage.
The creation of roads from Rome has helped the modern world in many ways. Roads helped Roman people advance in trade, improved their postal services, and help military get to where they were going to fight. Without the creation of roads we would not be where we are today in communication, or anywhere close where we are with the development of our military. The roads made it easier for the Roman’s to trade with other empires because they had paths to take and were able to reach them. Roads helped link all parts of the empire together and if they didn’t have them they would not be able to communicate with the whole empire. These roads also helped as a link to other rivalry countries that they were going to war with. These roads help with our travels today because we are able to get
Many mass construction projects in the history of the United States have had a major impact on the economy and culture; however, not many of these have had as large as an impact as the Interstate Highway Act of 1956. The Interstate Highway Act revolutionized the way that we think about highways today. The act created an extremely easy mode of transportation for people across the country. Not only was the Interstate Highway Act extremely helpful in making rural and urban transportation for normal people, but it also helped commercial businesses in increasing sales across the country. These businesses were now able to transport their goods cheaper and faster. The Interstate Highway Act was tremendously beneficial in regards to its economic, social, and cultural significance. The legislation was significant economically in the way that it promoted business and cut travel costs, it was significant socially in the way that it allowed people to see friends and family even if they did not live close, and it was significant culturally in the way that it allowed people to move out to the country for low costs in order to live a happier life.
“Motor Age Geography” describes land use practices and new transportation policies, which in turn helped reshape roads. These key aspects helped centralized rural America, while urban areas in America were decentralized. Specific landscapes from then to now required that people of America would have to own a motor vehicle to function effectively on a day to day basis. “Fueling the Broom” goes into detail about oil wells, pipelines, service stations, and so forth. This term explains how taxes on gas became a significant source of funding for road building. “The Paths Out of Town” examines mass production and how it increased the demand for the iron ore, wood, rubber, and many other raw materials. As the need for automobiles steadily increased, American construction workers built one mile of road per square mile of land. When Americans built highways, soil erosion came into the picture along with the natural habitat for wildlife. At this time planners focused on creating a “car friendly nature” (Wells). The book informs the reader on the historical period from 1940-1960 where the government granted housing to the suburban area and highways
In the early nineteenth century the nation’s highways were the waterways such as rivers and canals. These means of travel were effective to an extent, but were limited by their permanent routes. The situation with the United States was that there was a thin population spread out over an enormous country, with long distances between major cities. Business owners and the government were looking for ways to improve economic chances. Cheap efficient land transportation was an essential need of the industrial revolution because the existing road transportation by wagon was just simply too slow.
As America was rapidly industrializing, the products that were being mass-produced were in demand all over the nation. In order to get food, supplies and raw materials to the industrial centers that needed them, it was crucial that the speed of transportation was increased. Multiple types of transportation came forth in early 1800’s including roads, canals, steamboats and railroads which would all contribute to the industrialization of America. This time period would come to be known as the “Transportation Revolution” of America. (Ochoa 2). In 1815, farmers were struggling to keep up with the high cost of transportation of their goods. Near the end of the Transportation Revolution in 1850, transportation cuts had been cut by ninety-five percent and farmers were given much more opportunity to make a profit (Clark 1). Roadways started developing across America and played a major role in delivering raw materials to where they would be produced and then from that site to markets. However the financing of these roads quickly became an issue between the federal government and the states. In 1808, the federal government built the National Road, which was a major route that started in Virginia and extended from the Appalachian Mountains to Illinois. The National Road became the most significant road for Western settlers to travel on. Unlike most roads that were muddy and hard to drive on and muddy, the National Road was solid and made of gravel and stone. States generally built and financed their own roads around the older transportation routes and where the marketplaces were in the state. Roads gave new ways to transport goods and people across the nation, further supporting industrialization in America (Holtkamp 1).
In the past seventy years the United States has evolved to become a nation of intricate roads and major superhighways. With 6,586,610 km of public roads the United States holds the leading position for the largest road network in the world. Creating such a monstrous change in a nation over a short period of time generated some disagreements between locals and politicians. In addition to disagreements, the undertaking of building an enormous network of highways held a vast number of unintended consequences. This essay demonstrates the effects and unintended consequences on locals when the government creates interstates, highways and other public roads in an area. In order to understand the background of locals revolts on various highways it is necessary to delve into the history of the highways and public road works of the United States. Additionally, it is necessary to investigate the manner in which these freeways were built, in doing so it will be more clear what caused various unintended consequences.
Transportation had always been a necessity in human culture; it is the focal point in past and modern societies since humans first appeared in the world. Usually being the deciding factor whether a civilization would be deemed to succeed or fail. The Industrial Revolution completely altered America during the 19th century, and in turn changed the way this nation has traveled and lived. The Industrial Revolution was an event that divided the great nation our founding fathers fought so strenuously to unite. The South keeping true to their agrarian lifestyle and culture, relied on slave labor as the basis of their economy as the North had started to industrialize building factories and modernize technology. Many types of transportation were invented during this age, but nothing had compared to the Railroads. The innovation of railroads in America was a crowning achievement in the North. From the plenty of new jobs were created due to the railroads while allowing the North to prosper and expand to the West to make it the great country it is today. But there weren't all positive aspect...
This essay will encounter The Long Island Rail Road first years making. The rail road was developed because the rail roads planners wanted to expand a way to get to Boston. In order for this view to happen, the service needed to make rail-road through Long Island, so they made the LIRR with the help of legislature supplying the money with 1,500,000$. This caused for New York or Brooklyn to be linked to Boston. Even though the money was good start for making the rail road, it was still very difficult to make so they to find ways to make it more efficient.
One positive of the new transportation networks was how it made travel faster around the country. “They made travel, if not enjoyable, at least faster, less expensive, and less perilous than it had ever been. The 1830s had reduced the travel time between Boston and New York to a day and a half” (Historical Background on Traveling in the
Under what circumstances would you go through to better and provide for your family? Would you embark on these six deadly sins above to just get a simple loaf of bread on the table? There is no solid blame or black and white definite answer throughout this novel, The Devil’s Highway. The author Luis Alberto Urrea takes his readers to different perspectives and offers different points of view whether you appear to be a walker, coyote, or the border control on the topic of illegal immigration. Being that Urrea puts the reader in each person shoe’s and truly sees what immense, harsh, conditions for example these immigrants had to go through. Again there is no solid blame or black and white answers, both sides are at fault and in need of a solution to the problem.
Popular perception and attitude towards public transportation in the U.S is as diverse as the country itself. Nevertheless, people’s attitude towards transit has been one of the important drivers of the evolution of urban transportation systems in America. The evolution of transit, from being the primary mode of transportation a century ago and thereafter declining into a highly marginalized mode in the recent years, is a reflection of the evolution of people’s preferences over time. The diversity of attitudes is a result of the diversity in the stakeholders of public transportation. The common public, or the citizens, form the dominant section of these stakeholders. However, socio-economic variations within this section create diverse opinions, experiences, and therefore preferences for transit development and service. The second set of stakeholders encompasses political representatives and administrators who may reinforce public opinion through policy development and implementation. The third section consists of businesses and interest groups. The opinions of each of these groups may be moderated by local culture and history and other collective belief systems.
Recorded during 1980 a total of 87.2% of American homes owned at least one vehicle, while 51.5% of Americans owned more than one vehicle. The increasing amount of sales resulted in an increase in the amount of cars that were on the road. The large amount of cars made the time of traveling from one destination to another longer than it was when not as many vehicles were on the road. Reducing the amount of time it took to travel lead to the idea of the highway system in 1938. The extensive process of figuring out where the highways should lay and how they should be created did not allow the building process to begin until 1956. Besides reducing the amount of time that it took to travel to each destination the highway system will
Boarnet, Marlon G. "National Transportation Planning: Lessons from the U.S. Interstate Highways." National Transportation Planning: Lessons from the U.S. Interstate Highways. Elsevier Ltd., 2013. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.
Roads and freeways play a significant role in our society, but people never take the time and realize how much it affects the environment around us. America has such a large amount of roads and many miles of land were destroyed just for the placement of these roads. Transportation has become a very important factor in everybody’s life. Roads allow cars to provide a way to the outside world in a much faster way. Imagine living in the countryside and the only way to get to the city is to walk for two hours, by having roads it would take less time to get to the city and it would make traveling to far places much faster and easier. Although, roads have a negative effect on the environment, it is necessary to have them, that is why it is really