She grew up and her life began in North Oxford, Massachusetts, she was inspired by Florence Nightingale, she helped during and after wars, she helped with her ill family and battled her own depression, she started the Red Cross after much hard work and even after all that resigned and still made an impact (Cobb, 2014). Clara Barton was born on December 25, 1821 (Cobb, 2014). Her full name is Clarissa Harlowe Barton and she grew up in North Oxford, Massachusetts (Cobb, 2014). When she was young she was constantly found helping and taking care of others, whether it be her brothers and sisters or neighbors according to the article Barton, Clara. She was taught to read by her sisters and taught mat by her brother (Cobb, 2014).
Clarissa (Clara) Harlowe Barton born on December 25, 1821, in North Oxford, Massachusetts, was the youngest of Stephen and Sarah Stone Barton’s five children. Clara's father, Captain Stephen Barton (1774-1862), was a successful businessman, captain of the local army and a government official in Oxford, Massachusetts. Through his memorable stories of the Indian War in Ohio and Michigan, he taught her the importance of keeping an army equipped with arms, food, clothing and medical supplies. Clara's mother, Sarah Stone Barton (1783-1851), was a liberated woman who was known for her unstable temper. Growing up, Clara stayed close to her sister Sarah Barton Vassall (1811-1874) who was also a school teacher.
She hid her leg wound so doctors could not discover she was a woman and take her out of the army. Then later on she was discovered about being a woman to the other part of her army after she was wounded in a meet with the British soldiers near Tarrytown, N.Y then she was discharged from the army in 1783. Assuming the name of Robert Shurtleff and wearing men clothes she joined the 4th Massachusetts regiment in 1782. The day she arrived in Bellingham the place where they recruit soldiers Sampson went straight to the recruiting office. She was also under the command of General Paterson her general had the first name of her brother who shortly died after her birth in the war.
It was in Washington that she first encountered the soldiers of the civil war. Clara jumped at the chance to help her country when the war started. At first both the Union and Confederacy discouraged women from nursing at army hospitals, claiming it was too gruesome for delicate women to see. Clara started out by organizing donations to help supply the army, but when she was offered the chance she volunteered as a nurse for the Union and began working at the Washington Infirmary (Civil War Trust). It was at the Washington Infirmary where she first got she idea of going directly to the battlefield to nurse.
Her efforts affected the building of 32 institutions in the United States. In 1861, when the Civil War broke out she provided her services and eventually was named superintendent of United States Army Nurses. She was accountable for setting up field hospitals, first-aid stations, drafting nurses, managing supplies, and managing training programs. Although she was very effective and concentrated, many people thought she didn't have the social skills necessary to navigate the militaries bureaucracy. Yet she stayed after the war, helping to track missing soldiers, write letters to families, and help soldiers secure their pensions.
Clara Barton Thousands of lives would have not been lost if Clare Barton did not play the role she did in the Civil War. Clara Barton was an influential leader during the Civil War due to her childhood experiences, decisions she made during the war, and the legacy she left behind after the war. Clara Bartonś life before the civil war molded her to be an influential person in our nation's history. Born in Massachusetts in 1821 Clara Harlowe Barton was the youngest of six children. Barton reinforced her early education with practical experience, working as a clerk and bookkeeper for her oldest brother (civil war trust).
When the Civil War began in 1861, soldiers were shipped to Washington to be treated. Barton immediately began a relief program and volunteered to improve the conditions. Her house became a storage facility filled with blankets, food, medical supplies, candles, and she began making ba... ... middle of paper ... ...e years. She spent the remainder of her life supporting women's rights and volunteerism, and began writing a series of biographies, which she never finished. She died on April 12, 1912 in her home in Glen Echo, Maryland.
When the school board refused to offer Barton the principal position to head the school and hired a man instead, she found herself at a crossroads. Following a period of physical and emotional exhaustion, Barton moved to Washington DC, where she worked as a clerk in the U.S Patent Office. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Barton resigned from the Patent Office to work as a volunteer. She begged everyone she knew for food and clothing. When she filled her small apartment with supplies she would rent warehouse space to fit more.
Usually, “A working woman was an object of pity or scorn in Victorian America.” (USAHEC.org). Women were usually devoting their lives to caring for their husband and children; creating a nice, clean home (The History Channel Website, 2013). If they did nurse, it was only in their homes and for their family members (Egenes, 2009). The Civil War was the first time that women really played an important role in a war effort (The History Channel Website, 2013). When they found out that each side was in need of nurses, women immediately started volunteering to “help the war efforts of their side” (Freemon, 1998).
However her position was soon reduced to a copyist and then eliminated entirely. Civil War After a riot broke out near her Patent Office, Barton left immediately to tend the wounded and soon after wrote to her friends urging them to help as well, building a volunteer supply network that would change the medical face of the Civil War. With the death of her father, Barton was convinced that it was her duty as a Christian to help the soldiers and began taking supplies to the men of the Sixth Massachussetts Infantry. Like a few other women, Barton provided clothing and assorted foods and supplies to the sick or wounded. Most supplies were purchased by donations solicited by Barton herself or by her own funds.