Her efforts affected the building of 32 institutions in the United States. In 1861, when the Civil War broke out she provided her services and eventually was named superintendent of United States Army Nurses. She was accountable for setting up field hospitals, first-aid stations, drafting nurses, managing supplies, and managing training programs. Although she was very effective and concentrated, many people thought she didn't have the social skills necessary to navigate the militaries bureaucracy. Yet she stayed after the war, helping to track missing soldiers, write letters to families, and help soldiers secure their pensions.
She became the first woman to help lead a military expedition. She assisted Colonel James Montgomery plan a night raid to free slaves working at rice plantations along the Combahee River. Harriet and several black soldiers traveled up the river and freed around 750 slaves on June 1, 1863. Harriet Tubman Louisa May Alcott (1832-1888) was a prominent American author who wrote over 30 books in her lifetime. She is greatly remembered for her book Hospital Sketches, which she wrote to home while serving as an army nurse during the Civil War.
During the American Civil War, "More than twenty thousand women in the Union and Confederate states engaged in relief work…” (Schultz, 2004). These women had certain professional rights and responsibilities to uphold throughout the Civil War. They broke the common Victorian American tradition and volunteered to be Civil War nurses, something that astounded the nation (USAHEC.org). These battle aids nursed the wounded soldiers and performed other tasks to help the soldiers. However, these women were not accepted right away by male doctors in the hospitals.
When the Civil War began in 1861, soldiers were shipped to Washington to be treated. Barton immediately began a relief program and volunteered to improve the conditions. Her house became a storage facility filled with blankets, food, medical supplies, candles, and she began making ba... ... middle of paper ... ...e years. She spent the remainder of her life supporting women's rights and volunteerism, and began writing a series of biographies, which she never finished. She died on April 12, 1912 in her home in Glen Echo, Maryland.
First Clara accomplished the task of starting a relief program for the injured soldiers. Next Clara was brought to attention of a medical supply shortage, and quickly organized a donation. As she arrived at the ?Cornfield? she wasted no time before acting as medical staff and distributing her supplies to surgeons. After the battle at Cedar Mountain, she appeared at a field hospital at night with a four-mule-team load of supplies.
Subsequently, women volunteered through national or local associations or by getting permission from a commanding officer (“Nursing”). In April 1861, Dorothea Dix assembled a collection of volunteer female nurses which staged a march on Washington, demanding that the government distinguish their desire to assist the Union’s wounded soldiers. She organized military hospitals for the care of all sick and wounded soldiers, aiding the head surgeons by supplying nurses and considerable means for the ease and aid of the suffering. After she recruited nurses; nursing was greatly improved and her nurses were taken care of under her supervision (Buhler-Wilkerson). During the Civil war, most nurses were women who took care of the ill and injured soldiers.
Clarissa (Clara) Harlowe Barton born on December 25, 1821, in North Oxford, Massachusetts, was the youngest of Stephen and Sarah Stone Barton’s five children. Clara's father, Captain Stephen Barton (1774-1862), was a successful businessman, captain of the local army and a government official in Oxford, Massachusetts. Through his memorable stories of the Indian War in Ohio and Michigan, he taught her the importance of keeping an army equipped with arms, food, clothing and medical supplies. Clara's mother, Sarah Stone Barton (1783-1851), was a liberated woman who was known for her unstable temper. Growing up, Clara stayed close to her sister Sarah Barton Vassall (1811-1874) who was also a school teacher.
The Significance of Clara Barton During the American Civil War Clara Barton, known otherwise as the “Angel of the Battlefield”, was a courageous woman and an extremely crucial part of the American Civil War history. Clara was born in Massachusetts in 1821. She spent her childhood as a shy girl who enjoyed many outdoor activities, unlike other girls in that time period. When her brother was severely injured while building a barn, Clara got her first look of how great of a caretaker she could be. For roughly two years, she nursed him back to health.
She went in the army to help and save of lives. Clara Barton would make clothing, feed them, read them story, write letter, and took care of them like they were her own sons. She would listened to any problem they were have either, on the battlefield or at home. Clara Barton was later known as the “angel of the battlefield” in august of 1862 she was coming to help a field hospital at midnight with all the supplies. The surgeon that was there was overwhelmed with as many bodies he wrote” I thought that night if heaven ever sent out an angel, she must be the one” (Red Cross foundation) she would travel form field hospital to field hospital bring supplies and help the wounded.
The "black caps" as they were called by the soldiers, lived out their mission to its fullest during the Civil War. The Civil War separated the American Sisters of Charity geographically because their community had houses in the North and the South. The Sisters in California functioned outside the conflict, but they did contribute personnel and resources. When President Lincoln sent forth an appeal for volunteer nurses, nearly every Sister answered. On June 1, 1861, Brigadier General John F. Rathbone wrote to Bishop John McCloskey to request Sisters of Charity to assist at the military hospital in Albany, New York.