Brackman, in “Civil War Women: Their Quilts, their Roles, Activities for Re-Enactors,” tells the stories of nurses, refugees, civilians, and spies during the Civil War. Bold stories of women who are taking care of children and wounded soldiers having to flee their burning homes to save their families. The horror of hospital work with seeing many men dying in agony from battle wounds that are infect by maggots and disease. There is a story that a woman named Georgeanna Woosley made up a costume for women nurses that were not used in the hospitals. Sarah Hill notes on a ship that she saw this costume and knew from the hat and hoop skirt that Woosley was not a nurse.
She Went to the Field: Women Soldiers of the Civil War. Guilford, CT: TwoDot, 2003. 7-22. Print. "Women's Changing Roles during the Civil War."
She greatly helped improve the common people’s perception of these populations. During the Civil War, she helped with military hospital administration and worked as an advocate for female nurses. Dix gave up her time and volunteered to organize and outfit the Union Army hospitals in April 1861. As Superintendent of Women Nurses, Dix oversaw the entire nursing staff. She was the first woman to serve in such a high, federally appointed position.
Women not in the war had to take on many responsibilities. Another role they had to endure was being a nurse. A major disadvantage of living on a farm in the South was that your home would become a battlefield. With warfare taking place on the home front, women were invaded with wounded soldiers in their homes and forced to take care of them (Massey 197-219). Even the women that weren't working in the battlefields, still endured pain and suffering, and sacrificed themselves for the betterment of their families and country.
Subsequently, women volunteered through national or local associations or by getting permission from a commanding officer (“Nursing”). In April 1861, Dorothea Dix assembled a collection of volunteer female nurses which staged a march on Washington, demanding that the government distinguish their desire to assist the Union’s wounded soldiers. She organized military hospitals for the care of all sick and wounded soldiers, aiding the head surgeons by supplying nurses and considerable means for the ease and aid of the suffering. After she recruited nurses; nursing was greatly improved and her nurses were taken care of under her supervision (Buhler-Wilkerson). During the Civil war, most nurses were women who took care of the ill and injured soldiers.
The United States Government the agreed to the establishment of the United States Sanitary Commission. The United States Sanity Commission’s main objective was to provide the Union with fifteen million dollars in supplies to assist in the fighting of disease by improving camp and hospital conditions. Even with the creation of the United States Sanitary Commission, women’s hunger to have a more operative role in helping the troops was not satisfied. (History.com Staff) The founding of the United States Sanitary Commission helped 20,000 women of the Union work directly for the war effort. Most working class white women and freed and enslaved... ... middle of paper ... ..., an organization that provides emergency assistance and disaster relief inside the United States, and becomes its first president.
Elizabeth Newcom joined the Missouri Volunteer Infantry during the Mexican-American War disguised as a man, and served for some time before her deception was discovered (Valceanu 22). These women were not an exception, but merely doing what had to be done. Even though the majority served as nurses, they still witnessed and experienced the devastating physical and psychological effects of war ... ... middle of paper ... ...tary Culture Reform?" Parameters. 29.3 (1999): 9-23.
A “True Women’s” life before the war was to make a clean, comfortable, nurturing home for her husband and her children. ("History.Com"). While the men went away to work the home became a private, feminized domestic sphere, a “haven in a heartless world.” ("History.Com"). The women of the Civil War Confederacy side and the women of the Civil War Union side did have a lot in common based on their ways of life and based on their ways of helping during this tragic war. Thousands from both the Confederacy and the Union joined volunteer brigades and signed up to be nurses.
In the book Women in the Civil War, by Mary Massey, the author tells about how American women had an impact on the Civil War. She mentioned quite a few famous and well-known women such as, Dorothea Dix and Clara Barton, who were nurses, and Pauline Cushman and Belle Boyd, who were spies. She also mentioned black abolitionists, Harriet Tubman and Sojourner Truth, feminist Susan B. Anthony, and many more women. Massey talks about how the concept of women changed as a result of the war. She informed the readers about the many accomplishments made by those women.
Deborah Sampson served as a man for over a year in General Washington’s army and was only discovered after she was injured. (Bellafaire, “America 's Military Women—The Journey Continues”).During the Civil War, women serve as administrators, nurses, and cooks in both Union and Confederate battlefield hospitals. Wealthy women like, Miss Sally Tompkins of Richmond, Virginia, help fund permanent hospitals (“Highlights in the History of Military Women” Education). Providing medical care during times of conflict was one of the only socially accepted ways in which women could contribute to the war effort during the early wars. Dr. Mary Walker is the only women to receive the Medal of Honor, due to the healthcare she provided during the Civil